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更新时间:2018-11-15 19:38:42 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

In Her New Book, Michelle Obama Denounces Trump’s Sexism and His Promotion of the ‘Birther’ Conspiracy

In her highly anticipated memoir, “Becoming,” former first lady Michelle Obama mostly sticks to her long-stated principle of staying positive in the face of political and personal attacks: “When they go low, we go high.”

在前第一夫人米歇尔·奥巴马(Michelle Obama)备受期待的回忆录《成为》(Becoming)一书中,在面对政治和人身攻击时,她大多数时候坚持自己一贯主张的积极原则:“他们往低处去,我们向高处行。”

But she doesn’t hold back entirely. Mrs. Obama denounces President Trump for his sexism and misogyny and, most forcefully, for his part in promoting the “birther” conspiracy theory that questioned Barack Obama’s citizenship.

但她并没有完全退缩。奥巴马夫人谴责特朗普总统的性别歧视和厌恶女性,并且以最有力的笔触谴责他推动阴谋,质疑贝拉克·奥巴马(Barack Obama)公民身份的“出生地问题”中所起到的作用。

She described his campaign to discredit her husband as “crazy and meanspirited, of course, its underlying bigotry and xenophobia hardly concealed,” as well as dangerous. “Donald Trump, with his loud and reckless innuendos, was putting my family’s safety at risk. And for this I’d never forgive him.”


“Becoming,” which is due out Nov. 13, from Crown, is shaping up to be one of the year’s biggest blockbusters, with a global first printing of 3 million copies, and a worldwide release in 31 languages.


The memoir is landing at a moment when the former president and first lady have returned to public life after mostly lying low in the months following the 2016 election. Mr. Obama campaigned energetically for Democratic candidates in the midterms, and Mrs. Obama has launched a new education project for adolescent girls and an initiative to promote voter registration and turnout. Now, she is about to travel the country on a 10-city book tour organized by Live Nation, the world’s largest concert promoter. At promotional events in New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Boston and elsewhere, Mrs. Obama will appear at sports stadiums with high profile moderators like Oprah Winfrey, Sarah Jessica Parker, Reese Witherspoon and Valerie Jarrett. (In some venues, front row seats with a “meet and greet” package are priced at $3,000; 10 percent of the tickets in each city are being given away to local charities, schools, and community groups.)

这本回忆录发行之时,正值前总统和第一夫人重返公众生活,2016年大选后,他们一直保持低调。奥巴马在中期选举中积极为民主党候选人奔走,奥巴马夫人为青春期女孩发起了一个新的教育项目,并提出了一项促进选民登记和投票的倡议。现在,她即将在全美10个城市为她的书做巡回宣传,活动由全球最大的音乐会主办者莱恩娱乐(Live Nation)组织。在纽约、芝加哥、洛杉矶、波士顿和其他地方的宣传活动中,奥巴马夫人将出现在体育场馆,与奥普拉·温弗瑞(Oprah Winfrey)、莎拉·杰西卡·帕克(Jessica Parker),瑞茜·威瑟斯彭(Reese Witherspoon)和瓦莱丽·贾勒特(Valerie Jarrett)等著名主持人一起出场。(在一些活动中,包含与奥巴马夫人“会面和打招呼”的前排作为套餐售价为3000美元;每个城市10%的门票将被赠送给当地的慈善机构、学校和社区团体。)

With the publication of “Becoming,” the Obamas now seem set to make their mark not just in politics, but in popular culture. Last year, they announced a joint book deal with Penguin Random House that was rumored to exceed $60 million, a large portion of which is going to their foundation and other charities. This year, they signed a multiyear production deal with Netflix, to produce films and television shows through their company, “Higher Ground Productions.” (They recently acquired screen rights to Michael Lewis’s new book, “The Fifth Risk,” for their company.)

随着《成为》的出版,奥巴马夫妇现在似乎不仅要在政治上,而且要在流行文化中留下自己的印记。去年,他们宣布与企鹅兰登书屋(Penguin Random House)签订出书合同,传闻协议价值超过6000万美元,其中很大一部分将捐赠给他们的基金会和其他慈善机构。今年,他们与Netflix签订了一项为期数年的制片协议,通过他们的公司“高地制片”(Higher Ground Productions)拍摄电影和电视节目。(他们最近为该公司获得了迈克尔·刘易斯[Michael Lewis]的新书《第五风险》[The Fifth Risk]的版权。)

“Becoming,” which The New York Times received a copy of, is in many ways a fairly conventional first lady’s memoir: An insider’s view of what it was like to live through national tragedies and other major events, in one of the most high-profile positions in the world. She describes the highs and lows of her husband’s eight years in office, like learning the gutting news of the Sandy Hook massacre in Newtown, Conn., and how her husband summoned her to his side for comfort, something he rarely did during work hours, and the moment he told her that the mission to kill Osama bin Laden was successful.

《纽约时报》收到了《成为》的样书,它是一本相当传统的第一夫人回忆录:一个身居世界上最高位置之一的内部人士,对经历国家悲剧和其他重大事件的感受。她描述了丈夫执政八年期间的高潮和低谷,比如得知康涅狄格州新镇桑迪胡克大屠杀的消息,以及她丈夫如何叫她来他身边,向她寻求安慰,他在工作时间很少这样做,还有他告诉她杀死奥萨马·本·拉登(Osama bin Laden)的任务成功的时候。

But as the first African-American first lady, Mrs. Obama’s experience was far from typical, and she writes about feeling greater scrutiny than her predecessors.


“I was humbled and excited to be first lady, but not for one second did I think I’d be sliding into some glamorous, easy role,” she writes. “Nobody who has the words ‘first’ and ‘black’ attached to them ever would.”


She describes wanting to protect her daughters from the glare of public life, and recounts her difficulties becoming pregnant and suffering a miscarriage. She reveals, for the first time, that Malia and Sasha were conceived through in vitro fertilization, and describes feeling resentful about administering shots to herself while her husband was away at his job in the state legislature: “None of this was his fault, but it wasn’t equal, either,” she writes.


Despite some revealing passages and an intimate tone (she details her early courtship with Mr. Obama, describing a rush of “lust, gratitude, fulfillment, wonder”), Mrs. Obama, not surprisingly, doesn’t let her guard down entirely, a protective posture that is consistent with her public persona.


Toward the end of the book, Mrs. Obama takes aim at Mr. Trump, denouncing his policies and tenor in sweeping terms.


“I’ve lain awake at night, fuming over what’s come to pass. It’s been distressing to see how the behavior and the political agenda of the current president have caused many Americans to doubt themselves and to doubt and fear one another,” she writes. “I sometimes wonder where the bottom might be.”


After The Washington Post and other outlets published stories about the book’s content, Mr. Trump responded on Friday. “She got paid a lot of money to write a book and they always expect a little controversy,” Mr. Trump said. “I’ll give you a little controversy back, I’ll never forgive [President Barack Obama] for what he did to our U.S. military. It was depleted, and I had to fix it,” Trump said. “What he did to our military made this country very unsafe for you and you and you.”

《华盛顿邮报》(The Washington Post)和其他媒体发布有关该书内容的报道后,特朗普于周五作出了回应。“她拿了很多钱来写一本书,人们总是期待会有一点争议,”他说。“我也来给你一点争议,我永远不会原谅他(贝拉克·奥巴马总统)对我们美国军队的所作所为。它被耗干了,我不得不修好它,”特朗普说。“他对我们的军队所做的事情,让这个国家对于你、对于你们所有人来说都非常不安全。”

As for the question that’s likely to come up repeatedly on her book tour, Mrs. Obama tries to put to rest speculation that she’s gearing up for a career in politics.


“I’ve never been a fan of politics, and my experience over the last ten years has done little to change that,” she writes. “I continue to be put off by the nastiness.”