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11月28日曾经是夏威夷独立日

更新时间:2017-11-28 11:15:30 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

Though no longer an official holiday in Hawaii, Nov. 28 was once celebrated as Hawaiian Independence Day, or Lā Kūʻokoʻa in the Hawaiian language. It marked the day in 1843 that Britain and France recognized Hawaii as an independent kingdom.

尽管它如今在夏威夷不再是一个官方节日,11月28日曾经作为夏威夷独立日来庆祝,在夏威夷语中被称为"Lā Kūʻokoʻa"。这个节日纪念了1843年的这一天,当时英国和法国认可夏威夷是一个独立的王国。

The first European to reach the Hawaiian islands was James Cook in 1778, and he was soon followed by missionaries and sugar cane growers. In 1842, King Kamehameha III, concerned that foreign powers might seize Hawaiian territory, tried to negotiate independence treaties with the U.S., Britain and France.

第一位到达夏威夷群岛的欧洲人是1778年的詹姆斯·库克(James Cook),传教士和种植甘蔗的人紧随其后。1842年,由于担忧外国势力可能会夺取夏威夷,卡梅亚梅亚三世(Kamehameha III)国王试图与美国、英国和法国谈判,达成独立协定。

The king had good reason to be worried. The following year, a British naval captain occupied the Hawaiian kingdom for five months before his superiors arrived to overrule him. The kingdom’s return to Kamehameha’s rule on July 31, 1843, became known as Sovereignty Restoration Day.

这位国王的担忧有着充分的理由。后一年,一名英国海军舰长占领夏威夷王国长达五个月,后来他的上级来到了这里,将其推翻。这个王国于1843年7月31日回归卡梅亚梅亚的统治,后来这一天成为了主权回归日(Sovereignty Restoration Day)。

A few months later, Britain and France recognized Hawaiian independence.

几个月后,英法两国承认了夏威夷的独立地位。

It was, however, short-lived. A group of Americans and Europeans overthrew Queen Liliuokalani in 1893 when she tried to rewrite the kingdom’s constitution, and Hawaii was annexed by the U.S. in 1898. In 1959, it became the 50th state.

然而好景不长。1893年,当利留卡拉尼女王(Queen Liliuokalani)试图修改王国宪法时,一群美国人和欧洲人将其推翻,夏威夷后来于1898年被美国兼并。1959年,它成为了第50个州。

Hawaiian Independence Day and Sovereignty Restoration Day continue to be observed by sovereignty activists who say the islands are still being occupied, only now by the U.S.

主权活动人士还一直庆祝夏威夷独立日和主权回归日,他们说这些岛屿仍被占领,只不过现在是美国。

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