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普鲁士人在17世纪将正步带进了游行

更新时间:2017-11-23 12:15:49 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

“I love a parade” goes a tune from 1932. Today, one of the biggest in the world — the annual Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade — makes its way through New York City, as it has for more than 90 years.

“我爱节日游行,”1932年的一首歌这样唱到,而今天世界上最大的游行之一——梅西百货年度感恩节大游行(Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade)——将和它在过去90多年来一样,在纽约举行。

Last year, more than 3.5 million spectators lined the route, and another 22 million watched on TV. This year, there will be more than 8,000 participants, including many performers and clowns.

去年,超过350万人沿路观看,另有2200万人通过电视收看了游行。今年的游行将有超过8000名参与者,其中包括多名表演者和小丑。

But the act of parading, a ceremony that dates to the earliest human civilizations, isn’t always about fun.

但游行这种活动是一种可以追溯到最早人类文明的仪式,而它并不总是和欢乐有关。

The Romans celebrated their military triumphs with parades — all chariots, plundered loot and captured slaves.

古罗马人用游行庆祝军事胜利的果实——战车、抢来的赃物和被俘虏的奴隶。

As an expression of raw imperial power, it’s tough to beat the Prussians, who introduced the goose step to parades in the 17th century. That same martial precision can be found in modern military parades in Russia, China and North Korea.

在这种对帝国力量的直接表达方面,谁都难以胜过普鲁士人,他们在17世纪将正步带进了游行。在俄罗斯、中国和朝鲜的现代军队阅兵式上,可以找到同样的军事精确性。

These days, parades around the world inspire exuberance, pride — and often eccentricity. Aside from the wild parades of Mardi Gras and Carnival, there’s the annual Pikachu parade in Yokohama, Japan, and the Vienna Love Parade in Austria.

如今,世界各地的游行激发的是勃勃生气、骄傲,甚至往往是古怪。除了“四旬斋前的最后一天”(Mardi Gras)和狂欢节(Carvial)的游行之外,还出现了日本横滨的年度“皮卡丘游行”,以及奥地利维也纳的“爱的大游行”(Vienna Love Parade)。

One of the oddest events of recent years: a parade in the Netherlands in which enthusiasts recreate the phantasmagorical paintings of Hieronymus Bosch, the 15th century Dutch artist.

荷兰的博斯大游行是近年来最奇怪的活动之一,热情的参与者在游行中试图重现15世纪荷兰画家耶罗尼米斯·博斯(Hieronymus Bosch)梦幻般作品里的情景。

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