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1884年,25个国家的代表定下了全球时间标准

更新时间:2017-10-13 11:28:34 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

On this day in 1884, delegates from 25 nations, who were gathered in Washington, voted on what the time was.

1884年的今天,来自25个国家的代表齐聚华盛顿,对时间进行了投票。

With 22 votes for, one against (San Domingo) and two abstentions (France and Brazil), the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England, became the site of the prime meridian, the longitude separating Earth’s eastern and western hemispheres.

22票支持、一票反对(圣多明各)以及两票弃权(法国和巴西),英国格林尼治的皇家天文台成为了划分地球东西半球的经线本初子午线的地点。

In the debate to standardize time around the world, France favored a site on neutral ground, like the Azores Islands in the Atlantic Ocean or the Bering Strait.

在这场关于将世界各地的时间标准化的辩论中,法国支持在中间地带选址,比如大西洋的亚速尔群岛或者白令海峡。

But business won the day. A majority of the world’s shipping at the time and the railroads heading to the Pacific Coast in the U.S. were already using Greenwich meridian, so the Royal Observatory was the obvious choice.

但商业最终获得了胜利。当时全球大量的船舶运输和通往美国太平洋海岸的铁路已经在使用格林尼治子午线了,所以皇家天文台成为了显而易见的选择。

The observatory enforced such structure on the world that it became a target for anarchists, including one in 1894 who sought to blow it up. He succeeded in killing only himself.

皇家天文台对世界施以了这样的时间结构,这使得它成为了无政府主义者的目标,其中一人曾在1894年想将其炸毁。他最后成功杀死的仅有自己一人。

More than a century later, GPS-equipped visitors to Greenwich will find, however, that they’re not standing at zero degrees longitude. In the 1980s, new satellite data helped reorient the prime meridian 334 feet to the east of the original line, where it now runs through a park.

一个多世纪后,带着GPS来到格林尼治的人们会发现他们并没有站在零度经线上。在1980年代,新的卫星数据帮助重新定位了本初子午线,它位于原来那条线以东334英尺(约合102米),如今那里是一座公园。

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