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更新时间:2017-9-30 13:08:02 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

Trump Plans Trip to Asia Amid North Korea Crisis

WASHINGTON — President Trump plans to travel to Asia in November for the longest overseas journey of his presidency to date as he seeks to build a common front against North Korea’s development of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles, the White House announced on Friday.


Mr. Trump will travel to five Asian nations from Nov. 3-14, including three critical to the crisis over North Korea — Japan, South Korea and China. He will also stop in the Philippines, whose authoritarian leader Mr. Trump has embraced for his antidrug campaign despite extrajudicial killings, and in Vietnam, which is still smarting over his decision to abandon a free-trade pact.


“President Trump will discuss the importance of a free and open Indo-Pacific region to America’s prosperity and security,” the administration said in a statement. “He will also emphasize the importance of fair and reciprocal economic ties with America’s trade partners. The president’s engagements will strengthen the international resolve to confront the North Korean threat and ensure the complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.”


Presidents typically travel to the Pacific region in the late fall because of two international summit meetings held by the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, both of which Mr. Trump will attend. But the 12-day trip will tax a president who does not particularly relish overseas travel and who thought a weeklong trip earlier in the year was too long.


North Korea has come to dominate his foreign policy agenda as the outlier state has tested intercontinental ballistic missiles that could potentially reach the United States and conducted its sixth nuclear test.


The rhetoric has escalated as Mr. Trump has vowed to “totally destroy” North Korea if forced to defend the United States or its allies and has mocked its leader, Kim Jong-un, as “Little Rocket Man.” Mr. Kim has responded by calling Mr. Trump a “mentally deranged U.S. dotard” and his government has threatened to conduct an atmospheric nuclear test, which would be the first the world has seen in 37 years.


While rattling sabers, Mr. Trump for the moment has stuck to a strategy of increasing economic pressure and strengthening regional solidarity. He hosted the leaders of Japan and South Korea at the United Nations and spoke by phone with the leader of China earlier this month even as he ordered a sweeping new set of sanctions intended to cut North Korea off from the international banking system.


His trip will be his first to Asia since taking office and will be flavored by other tensions. In one of his first acts as president, he abandoned the Trans-Pacific Partnership that President Barack Obama had negotiated to create a 12-nation free trade zone; three of the nations he will visit were part of that pact: Vietnam, South Korea and Japan.

这将是他上任以来的首次亚洲之行,其他紧张局势也会影响这次行程。在特朗普上任后的第一轮行动中,他抛弃了奥巴马试图打造一个涵盖12国自由贸易区的“跨太平洋伙伴关系协定”(Trans Pacific Partnership,简称TPP);他即将访问的三个国家都参与了该协定:越南、韩国和日本。

Mr. Trump’s stop in the Philippines will also draw heavy notice, especially from human rights groups that denounce the practices of President Rodrigo Duterte, whose government has sanctioned deadly attacks on drug suspects. Thousands of people have died in extrajudicial killings without arrest or trial, according to human rights groups, and the State Department has criticized what it called the “apparent governmental disregard for human rights and due process.”

特朗普在菲律宾的停留也会引起重大关注,特别是那些谴责罗德里戈·杜特地(Rodrigo Duterte)总统做法的人权团体,因为杜特地政府鼓励对涉毒犯罪嫌疑人进行致命打击。人权团体的数据显示,数以千计的人未经逮捕或审判程序,死于法外处决,美国国务院批评该政府“明显无视人权和正当程序”。

While Mr. Obama snubbed Mr. Duterte, Mr. Trump has embraced him. In a telephone call in April, he praised Mr. Duterte’s “unbelievable job on the drug problem,” according to a transcript produced by the Philippine government. “Many countries have the problem, we have a problem, but what a great job you are doing and I just wanted to call and tell you that,” the transcript recorded him saying.