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新电影《小丑回魂》票房大卖

更新时间:2017-9-27 11:18:24 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

The box office success of the new film adaptation of Stephen King’s “It” has put evil clowns front and center.

史蒂芬·金(Stephen King)的作品改编的新电影《小丑回魂》(It)票房大卖,让邪恶的小丑成为了焦点。

In Australia, near hysteria broke out after a mysterious Facebook group promised to send 50 clowns to one spot. The backlash, including threats of violence, looked like a case study of coulrophobia — clown phobia.

在澳大利亚,一个神秘的Facebook群组承诺要将50名小丑聚集到同一个地点后,人们开始变得近乎歇斯底里,造成了包括暴力威胁在内的激烈反弹,看起来和小丑恐惧症的案例分析如出一辙。

Like a fear of masks, terror of clowns stems from the obscuring of the face, according to Corrie Ackland, clinical director at the Sydney Phobia Clinic. “We use people’s facial expressions as such an indicator of safety and their intentions,” she explained. “And if we don’t get that really important piece of information, then we feel like we should be cautious.”

据悉尼恐惧症诊所的医疗主任科里·阿克兰(Corrie Ackland)表示,正如对面具的恐惧一样,小丑带来的恐怖感来源于对面部的遮掩。“我们将人的面部表情作为安全和解读他们意图的指标,”她解释道,“如果我们没有得到这一重要的信息,就会感到自己应该小心。”

Phobias can form from childhood experiences, critical events later in life, or gradual processes. With clowns, there’s plenty of disturbing material. In the 1970s, John Wayne Gacy, an amateur clown, tortured and killed at least 33 young men and boys in the U.S. And both the U.S. and Australia grappled with reports in 2016 of clowns terrorizing the public.

恐惧症可能从儿时经历、后来的重要事件,或者是一步步逐渐形成的。对于小丑的恐惧症,有着大量令人不安的历史资料。1970年代,业余小丑约翰·韦恩·盖西(John Wayne Gacy)在美国折磨并杀害了至少33名年轻男子和男孩。美国和澳大利亚两国都在2016年处理过小丑吓坏公众的报告。

Therapy involves gradual exposure in positive settings. For example, said Ms. Ackland, one might take the patient to see the red-haired clown who hides amid burgers and fries: Ronald McDonald.

心理治疗包括在积极情境下的逐级暴露法。阿克兰说,例如带病人去看藏在汉堡和薯条里的红头发小丑:麦当劳大叔。

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