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二战”是什么时候正式结束的?

更新时间:2017-9-13 10:52:48 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

When did World War II formally end? By one measure, it was not in 1945, but 1990.

“二战”是什么时候正式结束的?以某种标准来看,结束的时间不是1945年,而是1990年。

The Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany, signed 27 years ago this week, was the catchy title of an agreement that ended foreign-occupation rights in German territories, paving the way for German reunification.

《最终解决德国问题条约》(Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany)是在27年前的这一周签署的。这个名字朗朗上口的协议终结了外国在德国领土的占领权,为两德统一铺就了道路。

The “two-plus-four” agreement, as it was called, involved West and East Germany and the powers governing them after the war: the U.S., Britain, France and the Soviet Union.

它被称为“2+4”条约,其中囊括了西德、东德以及在战后管辖它们的国家:美国、英国、法国和苏联。

“Two plus four adds up to one Germany in a Europe whole and free,” James Baker, the U.S. secretary of state, said after the signing in Moscow, which came almost a year after the fall of the Berlin Wall.

“二加上四,等于一个在欧洲完整又自由的德国,”当时的美国国务卿詹姆斯·贝克(James Baker)在莫斯科签署完条约后说,这一条约签署时,柏林墙倒塌已近一年。

The treaty was only a few pages long, but negotiations took seven months. It was only in the last days that some disputes, including the role of NATO, were resolved.

该条约仅有几页纸,但相关谈判进行了七个月。直到最后几天,一些争议问题(包括北约的角色)才得到解决。

A day after the signing, Germany and the Soviet Union initialed a “good neighbor” pact, and within a month the Unification Treaty ended Germany’s 45-year division. Families were reunited, travel restrictions were removed and frivolity unfolded.

条约签署次日,德国和苏联签下了“睦邻友好”协定。一个月内,《统一条约》终结了德国长达45年的分裂。家庭团聚、旅行限制取消,欢乐的气氛也蔓延了起来。

Little more than a year later, the Soviet Union itself fell.

一年多以后,苏联瓦解了。

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