您现在的位置: 纽约时报中英文网 >> 纽约时报中英文版 >> 国际 >> 正文

南太平洋国家论坛终结了一个微型国家

更新时间:2017-9-11 11:52:03 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

This month in 1972, the South Pacific Forum of States recognized the Kingdom of Tonga’s sovereignty over two submerged atolls, ending the short life of a micronation unilaterally declared by an American and built on sand.

1972年的这个月,南太平洋国家论坛向汤加王国对两个被淹没的环礁的主权予以认可,终结了一个微型国家的短暂生命,该国是由一名美国人单方面宣布成立,建立在沙子上的。

Michael J. Oliver, a Las Vegas real-estate tycoon with visions of a libertarian utopia, declared the Republic of Minerva nine months earlier. He laid claim to the Minerva Reefs, a pair of remote atolls a foot or so beneath the surface of the South Pacific, named for a ship that had foundered on one.

迈克尔·J·奥利弗(Michael J. Oliver)是一名拉斯维加斯的房地产大亨,一心想建立一个自由的乌托邦。他在九个月前宣布成立了密涅瓦共和国(Republic of Minerva),并宣称对密涅瓦礁拥有主权,那是两个地处遥远、位于南太平洋海面一英尺(约合0.3米)下的环礁,以一艘沉没在其中一处环礁的船的名字命名。

Morris G. Davis, a developer of the Minuteman missile, was appointed president.

研发民兵导弹的莫里斯·G·戴维斯(Morris G. Davis)被委任为总统。

The new country had its own flag and coins, and was free of taxes and regulation. To overcome the small matter of not having any dry land, they brought a barge in to dump sand.

这个新国家有自己的国旗和钱币,没有赋税和监管。为了克服没有任何陆地的小事,他们搞来了一艘驳船,往里面倒入了沙子。

But in June, King Taufa’ahau Tupou IV of Tonga landed at the north atoll with a brass band and a group of convict laborers. The Tongan anthem was played and the Minervan flag was taken down.

但在6月,汤加的陶法阿豪·图普四世(Taufa’ahau Tupou IV)国王带着军乐队和一群被判刑的工人,登上了北边的环礁。汤加国歌奏起,密涅瓦的国旗被降了下来。

The Tongan annexation was soon ratified, setting off a continuing dispute with Fiji. Mr. Oliver went on to foment breakaway independence movements in Vanuatu and the Bahamas. Those failed too.

汤加对这里的合并迅速得到了批准,引发了与斐济持续的纷争。奥利弗继续在瓦努阿图和巴哈马群岛煽起脱离独立运动,但都以失败告终。

“全文请访问纽约时报中文网,本文发表于纽约时报中文网(http://cn.nytimes.com),版权归纽约时报公司所有。任何单位及个人未经许可,不得擅自转载或翻译。订阅纽约时报中文网新闻电邮:http://nytcn.me/subscription/”

相关文章列表