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角谷美智子被誉为英语世界里最有权势的评论人

更新时间:2017-8-2 10:52:59 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

Our departing book critic, Michiko Kakutani, has been hailed as the most powerful critic in the English-speaking world.

我们即将离任的书评人角谷美智子(Michiko Kakutani)被誉为英语世界里最有权势的评论人。

Her output during 38 years at The Times attracted plenty of response, and on the day she announced her plans to step down, a colleague revealed a letter that Ms. Kakutani received early in her career.

在时报工作的38年间,她的作品引来了大量回应。在她宣布计划离职的那一天,一位同事公开了角谷在职业生涯早期收到的一封信。

Ms. Kakutani had written a profile of Pat Carroll, an actress who was then portraying the writer Gertrude Stein on stage. She describing her home as “filled with books by Stein and about Stein, as well as xeroxed Ph.D. theses and obscure literary journals.”

那会儿,角谷写了一篇关于女演员帕特·卡洛尔(Pat Carroll)的人物特写,当时卡洛尔在舞台上诠释作家格特鲁德·斯泰因(Gertrude Stein)。角谷如此描述了这位女演员的家:“到处都是斯泰因的作品和关于斯泰因的书籍,还有各种复印(xeroxed)的博士论文与晦涩难懂的文学期刊。”

The next day, Aug. 2, 1979, a letter addressed to “Mr. Michiko Kakutani” arrived, sent by an employee of Xerox, a company famous for protecting its brand name.

第二天,也就是1979年8月2日,来了一封收件人为“角谷美智子先生”的信,发件人是施乐(Xerox)复印机公司的员工。这家公司以保护品牌而著称。

“There is no adjective ‘xerox,’” the letter explained. “If in the future you wish to use the name Xerox, it should be used with a capital ‘X’ and no ‘ed’.”

“‘复印’一词不存在形容词用法,”这封信中说道。“如果以后你想使用Xerox的名字,应该有大写的X,且词尾不带有‘ed’”。

Indeed, The Times style arbiters agree.

确实,时报的文体规范仲裁人也同意这一点。

Richard Samson, who is on The Times’s legal team, said a multitude of companies had objected to their trademarks being used as generic substitutes. “Over the years,” he said, “We have received concerned letters from owners of the trademarks Spinning, Hula-Hoop, Sheetrock, Jeep and many others.”

时报法律团队中的理查德·萨姆森(Richard Samson)说有不少公司都反对自己的商标名被用作普遍的指称。“这么多年来,”他说,“我们从动感单车(Spinning)、呼啦圈(Hula-Hoop)、石膏板(Sheetrock)、吉普(Jeep)等不少注册商标的公司那里都收到了类似表达关切的信件。”

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