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默克尔与瑞典国王参加了拜罗伊特音乐节的开幕

更新时间:2017-7-28 10:12:59 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany was joined by the king and queen of Sweden this week for the opening of the Bayreuth Festival, a tradition The Times once called “the Woodstock of the opera set.”

本周,德国总理安格拉·默克尔(Angela Merkel)与瑞典国王与王后一道,参加了拜罗伊特音乐节(Bayreuth Festival)的开幕。时报曾将该传统称为“歌剧界的伍德斯托克”。

The festival was started in 1876 by Richard Wagner, the German composer. It is still managed by his descendants and devoted exclusively to his operas, such as the “Ring” cycle and “Tristan und Isolde.” They are performed in the theater he designed and built, and some fans wait decades for tickets.

这一音乐节是由德国作曲家理查德·瓦格纳(Richard Wagner)在1876年创办的。音乐节至今仍由瓦格纳的后人管理,专门上演他的歌剧作品,比如《尼伯龙根的指环》(Ring)以及《特里斯坦与伊索尔德》(Tristan und Isolde)。这些歌剧都是在瓦格纳设计、建造的剧院里表演,有些歌剧迷为求得一票,等待了数十年之久。

Bayreuth has something of an operatic history of its own. Wagner, who died in 1883, was a notorious anti-Semite, and in the 1920s and ’30s the festival became associated with the Nazis. The opera “Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg” was a favorite of Hitler’s.

拜罗伊特本身也带有一段戏剧性历史。去世于1883年的瓦格纳,曾是一名臭名昭著的反犹份子,在20世纪二三十年代,这一音乐节开始与纳粹扯上了关系。《纽伦堡的名歌手》(Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg)曾是希特勒的最爱。

“Die Meistersinger” was also the opening performance this year, led by Barrie Kosky, the first Jewish director in the festival’s history. Above, a scene from Mr. Kosky’s “Die Meistersinger.”

《纽伦堡的名歌手》也是今年音乐节的开幕之作,由巴里·科斯基(Barrie Kosky)指挥,他是该音乐节史上首位犹太指挥家。上图是科斯基指挥《纽伦堡的名歌手》的一个场景。

Next year’s festival will feature another milestone: Yuval Sharon will become the first American to direct a production.

明年的音乐节将出现另一个里程碑:尤瓦尔·莎朗(Yuval Sharon)将成为在此执棒的首位美国指挥。

“For me, Bayreuth has always been this very holy place,” Mr. Sharon told us earlier this month. “I’ve already had five anxiety dreams about it, so that means I’m on the right track.”

“对我来说,拜罗伊特一直都是一个神圣的地方,”莎朗本月早些时候告诉本报。“因为焦虑,我已经做了五个有关它的梦,这也说明我做的还不错。”

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