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全球有15位女性担任国家或政府首脑

更新时间:2017-7-21 10:44:10 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

More than 70 countries have elected women as their leaders, not counting figureheads or royalty. Sri Lanka, then known as Ceylon, broke the leadership barrier on this date in 1960 when Sirimavo Bandaranaike became prime minister.

有70多个国家选出了女性作为其领导人,这还不算上象征性首脑和皇室。曾经名为锡兰(Ceylon)的斯里兰卡(Sri Lanka)在1960年的今天打破了这一领导层的藩篱,当时西丽玛沃·班达拉奈克(Sirimavo Bandaranaike)成为了该国总理。

In 1966, Indira Gandhi, was the first woman elected to lead India, the world’s largest democracy. Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan became the first female leader of a Muslim-majority country in 1988.

1966年,英迪拉·甘地(Indira Gandhi)通过选举成为了首位领导印度这个世界上最大民主国家的女性。巴基斯坦的贝娜齐尔·布托(Benazir Bhutto)则在1988年成为了一个以穆斯林为主的国家的首位女性领导人。

As of March, there were 15 women serving as heads of state or government around the world, more than twice the number in 2000, representing less than 8 percent of the 193 members of the United Nations. Eight of the 15 were their country’s first female leader.

截至3月,全球有15位女性担任国家或政府首脑,比2000年时的这一数字翻了一番,在联合国的193个成员国中,占比不到8%。15名女性中的8位都是所在国历史上的首位女性领导人。

In Europe, Margaret Thatcher of Britain became the first elected female leader in 1979. Today, Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany, after 11 years in power, is often called the world’s most powerful woman.

在欧洲,英国的玛格丽特·撒切尔(Margaret Thatcher)于1979年成为了首位民选女性领导人。今日,在掌权11年后,德国总理安格拉·默克尔(Angela Merkel)经常被称为世界上最有权势的女性。

In Africa, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia, a Harvard-trained Nobel laureate, was elected the first female head of state in 2005. The Times once asked her if female leaders would “acquire the negative traits that power breeds.”

在非洲,利比亚的艾伦·约翰逊·瑟利夫(Ellen Johnson Sirleaf)于2005年被选为首位女性国家首脑。她是一名受训于哈佛的诺贝尔奖获得者。时报曾问过她是否女性领导人会“沾染上权力滋生的负面特质”。

“It would take a very long term of women absolutely in power to get to the place where they became men,” she said.

“拥有权力的女性绝对需要经过很长时间才能到达变成男性的那个临界点”,她说。

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