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更新时间:2017-7-6 20:09:48 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

U.S. Vows Tougher Action on North Korea After Missile Test

SEOUL, South Korea — The United States responded Wednesday to North Korea’s intercontinental ballistic missile test by conducting a rare joint missile exercise with South Korea and pushing to impose tougher United Nations sanctions against the North that would affect trading partners like China.


The U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki R. Haley, told an emergency meeting of the Security Council that North Korea’s test of an intercontinental ballistic missile Tuesday was a “clear escalation.”

美国驻联合国大使尼基·R·黑利(Nikki R. Haley)在安理会紧急会议上说,朝鲜周二试射洲际弹道导弹是事态的“明显升级”。

Haley said the United States was working on a Security Council draft resolution that “raises the international response” to North Korea’s repeated missile and nuclear tests. The sanctions to date, she said, “have been insufficient.”


She did not specify what the resolution would do or when it might be ready for a vote. But she alluded to punishments including a complete cutoff of North Korea’s access to international currency markets, severe restrictions on high-level North Korean officials.


On Tuesday, North Korea successfully tested its first intercontinental ballistic missile, the Hwasong-14. Washington and its allies confirmed that the weapon was an ICBM and condemned the test as a violation of U.N. resolutions and a dangerous escalation of tensions.


The top U.S. general in South Korea said Wednesday that “self-restraint” was all that was keeping the United States and South Korea from going to war with the North.


The unusually blunt warning, from Gen. Vincent K. Brooks, commander of U.S. troops based in Seoul, came as the South’s defense minister indicated that the North’s missile had the potential to reach Hawaii.

驻扎在首尔的美军司令文森特·K·布鲁克斯上将(Vincent K. Brooks)发出这个异常直白的警告同时,韩国国防部长表示,朝鲜的这种导弹有可能打到夏威夷。

“Self-restraint, which is a choice, is all that separates armistice and war,” Brooks said, referring to the 1953 cease-fire that halted but never officially ended the Korean War. “As this alliance missile live-fire shows, we are able to change our choice when so ordered by our alliance national leaders.


“It would be a grave mistake for anyone to believe anything to the contrary.”


Although doubts remained about whether North Korea had cleared all the technical hurdles to make the Hwasong-14 a fully functional ICBM, the launch prompted the United States and South Korea to conduct a joint missile exercise off the east coast of the South on Wednesday. The drill involved firing an undisclosed number of ballistic missiles into the sea.


President Moon Jae-in of South Korea asked President Donald Trump on Tuesday night to endorse the joint exercise, arguing that the allies needed to respond to the North’s provocation with “more than statements,” Moon’s office said.


The South Korean military said the missiles, which had a range of about 185 miles, had been fired to test their ability to launch “a precision strike at the enemy leadership” in case of war. It did not say how far the missiles had traveled.


Japan’s chief Cabinet secretary, Yoshihide Suga, said Wednesday that Japan and the United States had agreed to take “specific actions to improve our defense systems and our ability to deter North Korea.”

日本内阁官房长官菅义伟(Yoshihide Suga)周三表示,日本和美国已同意采取“具体行动,以改善我们的防务体系和遏制朝鲜的能力”。

Suga did not say what those actions were, but a spokesman for the Defense Ministry said the government was considering buying ballistic missile defense systems from the United States.


The propaganda battle between the Koreas escalated Wednesday, even as Asian stock markets appeared to shrug off the latest tensions.


The North’s leader, Kim Jong Un, said the missile test was intended to “slap the American bastards in their face” and was a Fourth of July “gift package” for the “Yankees.”


South Korea released a computer-animated video showing missile strikes at the heart of Pyongyang, the North Korean capital. The video featured a U.S. B1-B bomber and German-made Taurus air-to-land cruise missiles.


The Taurus, which is meant to destroy targets underground, is often cited as a critical weapon South Korea would use in an operation to “decapitate” the North’s government.


The video showed flags and government buildings in Pyongyang in flames.


The North Korean missile launched Tuesday was fired at a steep angle, flying a horizontal distance of only 578 miles but reaching an altitude of more than 1,700 miles, according to North Korean, South Korean and Japanese officials.


Speaking to the South Korean National Assembly on Wednesday, the defense minister, Han Min-koo, said that the Hwasong-14, if launched on a standard trajectory, could have a range of 4,350 to 4,970 miles, enough to hit Alaska and possibly Hawaii.

韩国国防部长官韩民求(Han Min-Koo)周三对韩国国民议会说,如果以标准轨道发射,“火星-14型”可以飞出4350英里(约合7000公里)到4970英里(约合8000公里),足以打到阿拉斯加,可能还可以打到夏威夷。

Analysts had said Tuesday that the missile appeared to be capable of striking Alaska. Hawaii is farther, about 4,780 miles from Kusong, the North Korean town where the missile was fired.