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更新时间:2017-6-14 18:48:04 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

Trump Adds More Trademarks in China

BEIJING — President Trump is poised to add six new trademarks to his expanding portfolio in China, in sectors including veterinary services and construction, potentially renewing concerns about his possible conflicts of interest.


The latest trademarks expand Mr. Trump’s business interests in China, the world’s second-largest economy and a country he frequently blamed during the election campaign for the decline in American industrial jobs. Since taking office, he has softened that rhetoric.


He has nevertheless continued to receive approval in China for new trademarks. The country’s trademark office gave the president preliminary approval for six trademarks on June 6, according to the agency’s website.


Under Chinese law, a trademark with preliminary approval is formally registered after three months if the agency receives no objections. If granted, the trademarks could allow Mr. Trump to expand his business interests in scientific and technological services, construction projects and medical and veterinary services.


Mr. Trump applied for the trademarks in April 2016, the same month that, as a presidential candidate, he accused Beijing of launching an “economic assault” against the United States. Since then, Mr. Trump has eased up, particularly after meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping in April of this year.


As a businessman, Mr. Trump made money by licensing the use of his name on an array of products around the world.


He now has at least 123 registered and provisionally approved trademarks in China. Of those, four are registered under DTTM Operations — a holding company — while the rest are registered under his name.

在中国,他现在至少已经有123个注册和获得临时批准的商标。其中四个是在控股公司DTTM Operations名下,其余则是在他的名下。

The latest set of preliminary approvals comes a month after China’s trademark office gave Mr. Trump one preliminary trademark for providing catering services, and four to his daughter Ivanka through her trademarking business.


It is unclear how Mr. Trump plans to use his trademarks. He does not have any businesses in China and the Trump Organization has said it will not do any further international deals. The president’s two adult sons now run the business.

特朗普打算如何使用这些商标目前还不清楚。他在中国没有任何业务,特朗普集团(Trump Organization)表示不会再开展任何国际交易。公司的业务现在由特朗普的两个成年儿子打理。

“All of our marks in China are registered to an affiliate of the Trump Organization and have nothing whatsoever to do with Mr. Trump,” Alan Garten, executive vice president and chief legal officer at the Trump Organization, said in an email.

特朗普集团的执行副总裁兼首席法律顾问阿兰·加腾(Alan Garten)在一封电邮中表示:“我们在中国的所有商标都注册在特朗普集团的一个附属机构下,与特朗普本人无关。”

For Mr. Trump, obtaining trademarks in China could allow him to license his name in the country, potentially giving him a new source of income.


In China, many celebrities and foreign companies pre-emptively file for trademarks in a wide range of sectors to prevent expensive and time-consuming lawsuits against “trademark squatters” — people who register the names of widely known brands in bad faith.


In Mr. Trump’s case, leather goods, toilets and cosmetics bearing the Trump name but trademarked by others have been spotted being sold around China.


Unlike trademarks in the United States, trademarks in China are generally awarded to those who are first to file with the government, and applicants do not have to give a reason for filing.


Because of this, Mr. Garten said that since 2006, “the Trump Organization has been forced to build its trademark portfolio in China to protect its brand and overall intellectual property rights from third-party infringers.”


The news of Mr. Trump’s new preliminary trademarks in China will give further ammunition to his critics, who allege that his business interests violate the emoluments clause in the United States Constitution that bars presidents from taking gifts or payments from foreign governments.


On Monday, the Democratic attorneys general of Maryland and the District of Columbia filed a lawsuit claiming that the president’s failure to shed his businesses has undermined public trust and violated constitutional bans against self-dealing.