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更新时间:2017-6-14 10:39:09 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

Masquerading as Reporter, Assassin Hunted Putin Foes in Ukraine

KIEV, Ukraine — Ukrainians have long struggled with fake news from Russia, but last week, they discovered something even more insidious: a fake journalist.


The man was tall and dapper. He wore a dark suit and spoke with a French accent. When he met politicians in Kiev, he introduced himself as Alex Werner, a reporter with the French newspaper Le Monde.

这个男人身材高大,衣冠楚楚。他穿着黑色西服,讲话带有法语口音。他在基辅与政治人士会面时,自称亚历山大·沃纳(Alex Werner),说自己是法国《世界报》(Le Monde)的记者。

“He was elegant, calm and confident,” recalled Amina Okuyeva, who is a minor celebrity in Ukraine because she served with her husband as a volunteer soldier in the war against separatists in the eastern part of the country. Mr. Werner had interviewed her several times.

“他优雅平静,充满自信,”阿明娜·奥库耶娃(Amina Okuyeva)回忆说。因为和丈夫一起在该国东部打击分裂分子的战斗中担任志愿战士,她在乌克兰小有名气。沃纳采访过她几次。

It was midway through one of those purported interviews, in a terrifying flash of gunpowder, that Mr. Werner’s true identity came to light: He was, in fact, a Chechen assassin, the Ukrainian authorities now say.


Under the guise of a journalist, the assassin, Artur Denisultanov-Kurmakayev, tried to murder Ms. Okuyeva and her husband, Adam Osmayev, Ukraine’s Interior Ministry said.

乌克兰内政部表示,杀手阿尔图尔·丹尼索尔塔诺夫-库尔马卡耶夫(Artur Denisultanov-Kurmakayev)以记者的身分做掩护,试图谋杀奥库耶娃和她丈夫亚当·奥斯马耶夫(Adam Osmayev)。

The plot went awry because Ms. Okuyeva was also armed, and the details of the attack and its aftermath are now shedding light on Kiev’s role as a testing ground for what Ukrainian officials say are hybrid war activities by Russia, including assassinations.


The attack was the third high-profile killing or attempted killing in Kiev that the Ukranian authorities have attributed to the Russian security services, but the first in which the accused killer impersonated a journalist.


In a statement published June 3, Le Monde said it “wants to stress that none of its journalists are in Ukraine at the moment and that its staff does not include an Alex Werner. Le Monde firmly condemns any impersonation of its journalists or of its title, for whatever purpose.”


In 2006, the Russian government legalized targeted killings abroad of people posing terrorist threats, resuming a Soviet-era practice. But the Kremlin has never acknowledged using the authority granted under the law and has vehemently denied specific accusations, including those in Ukraine.


As “Mr. Werner,” Mr. Denisultanov-Kurmakayev had lived for more than a year in Kiev, mingling with politicians and anti-Russian activists before the shooting on June 1.


The cover was good but not flawless, Ms. Okuyeva said in an interview, her first with a foreign news organization since the attempted murder. She was accompanied by two bodyguards who were on high alert throughout the interview.


One indication that Mr. Denisultanov-Kurmakayev was not who he said he was: He always carried a notebook but never bothered to write in it, Ms. Okuyeva said. He wore an expensive-looking suit, also a hint that something may have been amiss.


There was nothing unusual in the request for an interview, however. “The press often asked for interviews,” Ms. Okuyeva said. “The media loves to write about us.”


Ms. Okuyeva and Mr. Osmayev, both ethnic Chechens, are well known in Ukraine. In 2012, the Russian government accused Mr. Osmayev of plotting to kill Vladimir V. Putin, who was then the prime minister. Mr. Osmayev was arrested in Ukraine, but his extradition to Russia was blocked by the European Court of Human Rights.

奥库耶娃和奥斯马耶夫都是车臣族人,他们在乌克兰相当知名。2012年,俄罗斯政府指控奥斯马耶夫谋划杀害时任总理弗拉基米尔·V·普京(Vladimir V. Putin),奥斯马耶夫在乌克兰被捕,不过将他引渡到俄罗斯的要求被欧洲人权法庭(European Court of Human Rights)阻止。

After the Ukrainian revolution in 2014, he was released, and he and his wife joined a unit of ethnic Chechens fighting in the war in the east, the Dzhokhar Dudayev battalion. Mr. Osmayev has been its commander since 2015. Ms. Okuyeva served as a sniper, wearing a camouflaged head scarf at the front.

2014年乌克兰革命后,他被释放,他和妻子加入了一个在东部作战的车臣小分队,也就是焦哈尔·杜达耶夫(Dzhokhar Dudayev)的队伍。奥斯马耶夫从2015年起担任指挥官。奥库耶娃担任狙击兵,她戴着迷彩头巾,冲在前线。

Gaining fame as enemies of Russia carried risks. The couple knew they were targets. “Putin is personally interested in getting rid of us,” Ms. Okuyeva said.


The putative Mr. Werner met three times with the couple in Kiev coffee shops from May 20 until June 1, explaining that he planned an in-depth article.


Before the fourth meeting, Ms. Okuyeva said, he asked the couple to pick him up in their car and drive to the French Embassy, and he also said he had a gift from his bosses at Le Monde.


“There were a lot of small, strange things, and my intuition told me not to meet with him,” Ms. Okuyeva said, but she ignored the misgivings.


As they drove, Mr. Denisultanov-Kurmakayev asked the pair to stop the car for an interview and to sit in the back to receive the gift, which he carried in a festive red cardboard box.


As the couple sat in the back seat of the car, Mr. Denisultanov-Kurmakayev said, “‘Now, here is your gift,’” Ms. Okuyeva said. He opened the box, pulled out a gun and opened fire on Mr. Osmayev.


A shot hit Mr. Osmayev on the right side of his chest. But he was not immediately incapacitated and struggled with the shooter for control of the gun. Ms. Okuyeva, however, long fearful of assassination attempts, was carrying a pistol under her coat, as well as a tube of the blood-clotting agent Celox in her purse. She shot Mr. Denisultanov-Kurmakayev four times as he and her husband fought. Both were gravely wounded but survived.


“I will always be thankful,” Mr. Osmayev said in an interview of his wife’s quick draw. “Because of her reaction, we are both alive today.”


The survival of the assassin could elevate the importance of the case, should investigators obtain his cooperation.


In March, a former Russian lawmaker who fled to Ukraine, Denis N. Voronenkov, was gunned down on a sidewalk outside the Premier Palace hotel in Kiev. Mr. Voronenkov’s bodyguard shot and killed the attacker. Last year, a car bomb killed a journalist, Pavel Sheremet, on a central street of the capital, and no arrests were made.

今年3月,逃往乌克兰的前俄罗斯议员丹尼斯·N·沃罗年科夫(Denis N. Voronenkov)在基辅总理宫酒店(Premier Palace)外的人行道上被枪杀。沃罗年科夫的保镖击毙了袭击者。去年,记者帕维尔·舍列梅特(Pavel Sheremet)在基辅市中心一条大街上被汽车炸弹炸死,行凶者至今仍然逍遥法外。

After the attack on Mr. Osmayev and Ms. Okuyeva, Ukraine’s Interior Ministry and lawmakers blamed the Russian intelligence services. Ukraine’s SBU intelligence agency, however, has said there is insufficient evidence to determine whether the killer pretending to be a journalist was a Russian agent, but it has not ruled out that possibility.


“For the world community, what is important is we have proof Russia is committing terrorist acts in other countries,” said Anton Gerashenko, a lawmaker. “His tongue may loosen to say who sent him here and why,” he said of Mr. Denisultanov-Kurmakayev.

“对全世界来说,最重要的是,我们有证据证明,俄罗斯正在其他国家进行恐怖主义活动,”议员安东·杰拉申科(Anton Gerashenko)说。“他可能会松口说出是谁以及为什么派他到这里,”杰拉申科在提到丹尼索尔塔诺夫-库尔马卡耶夫时表示。