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更新时间:2017-5-20 11:18:06 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

Foreign Trip Comes at Crucial Time, but Trump Is a Reluctant Traveler

WASHINGTON — President Trump leaves on Friday for a nine-day, five-city foreign excursion, his first trip outside of the United States as the country’s leader and top diplomat.


He doesn’t really want to go.


In recent days, Mr. Trump has groused to several friends that he is not looking forward to leaving his new White House cocoon for high-profile, high-pressure meetings with dozens of world leaders in unfamiliar settings.


At one point, he barked at an aide that he thought his first tour abroad should be only about half as long. He will have to abandon his well-known preference for sleeping in his own bed (or in one at the hotels or golf resorts he owns) as he hops between Saudi Arabia, Israel, Belgium, Italy and the Vatican — all places without a Trump-branded property.


But the trip comes at a critical moment for Mr. Trump’s young presidency. It is his first opportunity to deliver specifics about his “America first” worldview to a global audience that has watched his initial, chaotic months in the White House with a mix of amusement, befuddlement and alarm.


The president’s packed schedule is filled with opportunities for Mr. Trump to slip up, publicly or privately: back-to-back discussions with the leaders of other nations, many of whom are veteran negotiators well versed in issues they care deeply about.


By contrast, it could also serve as a much-needed change of subject for a president besieged at home with an agenda frozen by scandal.


“I’ll meet scores of leaders,” Mr. Trump told Coast Guard cadets on Wednesday as he spoke at their commencement. He pledged that during his global travels he will “strengthen old friendships and will seek new partners.”


Even before heading to Connecticut for that speech, Mr. Trump was brooding in the White House over the latest broadside from the F.B.I. director he fired, James B. Comey. Planning for the foreign trip has proceeded haltingly, with Mr. Trump resisting some of the pageantry that is usually a hallmark of a president’s travels. A visit to Yad Vashem, the Holocaust memorial museum in Jerusalem, was cut short at his request.

甚至在前往康涅狄格州发表那次演讲之前,特朗普还在白宫为自己最近因解雇FBI局长詹姆斯·B·科米(James B. Comey)而引发的猛烈抨击而郁闷。出国访问的准备工作时断时续,特朗普抵制某些通常被认为是总统出行标志的盛大活动。应他的要求,对耶路撒冷的犹太人大屠杀纪念馆(Yad Vashem)的访问被缩短了。

Preparation — a standard part of the weeks before a big foreign trip — has also been hit-or-miss in recent days.


As allegations of obstruction of justice and giving secrets to Russia consumed Mr. Trump’s administration, aides sought to focus the president’s fleeting attention on the vital foreign policy issues he will confront and the nuts-and-bolts difficulty of taking the White House around the globe.


Jared Kushner, Mr. Trump’s son-in-law and senior adviser, led briefings, including one on European leaders, last week in the Oval Office. The president conferred with the defense secretary about the Middle East and discussed his Saudi Arabia meetings with his secretary of state. Among the touchy issues in Israel: whether to move the United States Embassy to Jerusalem, something the president has decided not to announce during the trip.

上周,特朗普的女婿兼高级顾问贾里德·库什纳(Jared Kushner)在椭圆形办公室主持多项简报会,包括一项关于欧洲领导人的简报会。总统与国防部长商谈中东问题,与国务卿讨论他在沙特阿拉伯的会议。至于以色列的多个敏感问题,总统决定不在这次访问中宣布是否将美国大使馆迁往耶路撒冷。

But even as he sat with briefing books and stacks of news clippings about global events, Mr. Trump has generally just skimmed through, according to several people familiar with his preparations. Instead, he has focused on the chaos swirling around his White House.


In an attempt to capture his interest, aides threaded Mr. Trump’s own name through the paragraphs of one of the two-page memos they wrote for him.


“You have to be prepared. These things tend to be heavily prepared on both sides so everyone knows what the expectations are,” said James B. Steinberg, a diplomat for former President Barack Obama who traveled extensively around the world. Of Mr. Trump, he said, “The fact that he doesn’t go in for the typical preparations complicates these things.”

“你必须做好准备。双方往往都会精心准备,所以大家都知道彼此的期望是什么,”前总统贝拉克·奥巴马的外交官詹姆斯·B·斯坦伯格(James B. Steinberg)说。他在全世界范围内进行过广泛访问。他在提到特朗普时表示:“他不进行常规的准备工作,会让事情变得复杂。”

Mr. Steinberg said Mr. Trump’s first trip should not be that difficult since he is meeting largely with allies at a time of relative peace and prosperity.


“A trip like this is an easy trip,” he said. “There’s no crisis. It’s a relationship-building trip. It’s hard for it not to be a success unless something goes wrong.”


Still, in private, Mr. Trump’s advisers acknowledge that they are concerned about his off-script eruptions, his tendency to be swayed by flattery and the possibility that foreign leaders may present him with situations he does not know how to handle. They worry he will accidentally commit the United States to something unexpected, and they have tried to caution him about various scenarios.


Mr. Trump’s last major venture overseas — a visit to one of his new golf courses in Scotland while he was campaigning for the presidency last summer — quickly went off script.


Arriving just as Britons voted to leave the European Union, Mr. Trump held a highly anticipated news conference where he bragged about predicting the outcome of the vote and waxed extensively about the beauty of his new golf course.


“This is one of the big votes in the history of Europe and Scotland and everywhere,” he said that day in June. He then spoke at length about the golf course and resort, noting a lighthouse that sits on the course.


“We’ve taken the lighthouse, which is a very, very important building in Florida — I mean, in Scotland — and we’ve taken that building and made it something really special,” he said. “It has incredible suites. Golfers will stop, and they’ll have something to eat.”


Stephen J. Hadley, who was former President George W. Bush’s national security adviser and traveled the world with him, said that White House staff members do everything they can to avoid surprises when a president is out of the country.

前总统乔治·W·布什(George W. Bush)的国家安全顾问斯蒂芬·J·哈德利(Stephen J. Hadley)曾跟随布什周游世界。哈德利表示,总统出国时,白宫的工作人员会尽力避免出现意外。

“You really hope that he sticks to the script, executes the trip as planned and avoids distractions, because the whole world is watching,” Mr. Hadley said.


Mr. Trump’s first trip is planned with that in mind. His travels will start in Saudi Arabia and Israel, where Mr. Trump’s counterparts are pleased to have him in office. He will have a brief but highly choreographed meeting with the pope. And his interactions with European allies in Belgium and Italy will keep the president away from the country’s most difficult adversaries.


Still, long trips are rarely error-free, and often presidents veer off the carefully constructed narrative for their trip.


President Bush once tried to leave after a news conference in Beijing, only to find the ornate door he was trying to go through locked. “I was trying to escape. Obviously, it didn’t work,” he joked later.


Mr. Bush’s father, President George Bush, threw up during a ceremonial dinner in Japan. And President Bill Clinton was caught during a trip in Senegal banging a bongo drum, strumming a guitar and chomping on a cigar — all in celebration of a judge’s decision throwing out a sexual harassment lawsuit.

布什总统的父亲乔治·布什总统在日本的一次正式晚宴上吐了。比尔·克林顿总统(Bill Clinton)在塞内加尔访问期间被发现敲打邦戈小手鼓,弹吉他,咬着一根雪茄——这些都是为了庆祝法官裁定不受理对他的一起性骚扰诉讼。

Mr. Hadley said the first foreign trip for any president is especially a challenge, and perhaps more so for Mr. Trump, who has had little practice on the world stage and has often proved himself unwilling to stick to his prepared remarks.


But Mr. Hadley said Mr. Trump should not be underestimated.


“Remember, Trump is a nothing if not a showman,” Mr. Hadley said. “He’s been very public for decades and very conscious about how he comes across in the media. This is not a novice on stages.”