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博物馆全攻略:大英博物馆

更新时间:2017-3-20 10:58:19 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

Make the Most of the British Museum
博物馆全攻略:大英博物馆

When the British Museum opened in 1753, it was the world’s first national public museum, free (as it still is) to all “studious and curious persons.” It contains a breathtaking collection of over 8 million objects that paint an interconnected portrait of the world’s cultures. But it also epitomizes the long British traditions of exploration, quirkiness and obsessive collecting. You could spend weeks here. But don’t worry; we’ll guide you through.

大英博物馆于1753年对外开放,是世界上第一个国立公共博物馆,免费(至今仍然如此)对所有“勤奋与好奇的人”开放。它的藏品达到惊人的800多万件,为多种世界文化描绘出一幅彼此相联的画卷。但它也体现了英国长期以来探索、怪趣与收藏癖的悠久传统。你可以在这里一连呆上几个星期。但是不要担心:我们可以为你做个向导。

大英博物馆是世界上第一个国立公共博物馆,免费对所有“勤奋与好奇的人”开放。这里藏品多达800多万件,你可以在这里一连呆上几个星期。但是不要担心:我们可以为你做向导。

Five Must-Sees

五个必看之处

If you don’t have time to idly wander, start your visit with these collections.

如果你没时间到处闲逛,那就从这些藏品开始吧。

THE KEY TO THE ANCIENT WORLD

通往古代世界的钥匙

The Egyptian Galleries | Room 4

埃及馆 | 4号展厅

This long, spectacular gallery, stretching almost the length of the museum’s west side, houses sculptures and artifacts from about 3,000 years of ancient Egyptian civilization. It features spectacular busts, elaborately engraved sarcophagi and the museum’s most popular exhibit — the Rosetta Stone, dating from 196 B.C. and inscribed with near-identical texts in three scripts, which allowed linguists to develop an understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphs through comparison.

这个长而壮观的展馆几乎贯穿整个博物馆西翼,藏有横跨3000年古埃及文明的雕塑与文物。其中有壮观的半身像、精心雕刻的石棺,以及博物馆最受欢迎的展品——罗塞塔石碑(Rosetta Stone),它大约来自公元前196年,以三种文字刻着几乎相同的文本,令语言学家能够通过比较来发展对埃及象形文字的理解。

Why It’s Must See: These exhibits give an instant idea of the magnificence, ambition and sophistication of ancient Egyptian culture.

必看原因:这些展品能令人立刻了解到古埃及文化的宏伟、抱负与复杂性。

What to Look For: A giant sculpture of a scarab beetle, with tenderly carved and curving legs, and an enormous bust of Ramesses II, which inspired Percy Bysshe Shelley’s poem “Ozymandias.”

看点:一座巨大的圣甲虫雕塑,有着柔和的线条和弯曲的腿,还有一座巨大的拉美西斯二世(Ramesses II)半身像,正是它启发珀西·比希·雪莱(Percy Bysshe Shelley)写下了《奥兹曼迪亚斯》(Ozymandias)这首诗。

Nearby: Adjacent to the long Egyptian gallery is part of the museum’s Middle East collection. In Room 6, you’ll find the incredible human-headed, winged lion statues (883-859 B.C.) that formed the gates to the throne room of King Ashurnasirpal II of Assyria (which we now call northern Iraq). And yes, they do have five legs, because they were designed to be seen either from the front or from the side.

附近:长长的埃及馆旁边是博物馆中东藏品的一部分。在6号展厅里,可以看到不可思议的人面狮身有翅雕像(公元前883-859年),它们构成了通往亚述(今伊拉克北部)的阿淑尔纳西尔帕王二世(King Ashurnasirpal II)王座宫殿的大门。是的,它们有五条腿,因为它们是被设计为从正面或侧面观看的。

ART AND MYTH IN ATHENS

雅典的艺术与神话

The Parthenon Sculptures | Room 18

帕台农(Parthenon)神殿雕塑 | 18号展厅

These beautiful friezes and sculptures formed part of the Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens, built between 447 and 438 B.C. They were removed in 1805 by Lord Elgin, the British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, in an attempt to save them from further degradation, but the British Museum’s possession of the Elgin Marbles, as they came to be called, has long been a subject of intense controversy.

这些美丽的中楣横条(friezes)和雕塑曾经是雅典卫城帕台农神殿的一部分,该神殿于公元前447到438年之间建成。1805年,英国驻奥斯曼帝国大使埃尔金勋爵(Lord Elgin)为保护它们免遭进一步损坏,将它们拆下来带走,此后它们便被称为埃尔金大理石雕,但是大英博物馆对它们的所有权一直存在激烈的争议。

Why It’s Must See: These intricately carved friezes and stand-alone sculptures offer a richly detailed portrait of Athenian society and mores.

必看原因:这些雕刻精美的中楣横条以及独立存在的雕塑丰富详尽地描绘出雅典的社会风貌与习俗。

What to Look For: The riveting horse’s head, with its bulging eyes and veined cheeks, exhausted from drawing the chariot of the moon across the night sky.

看点:雕塑上迷人的马头,眼珠凸起,面颊上血脉贲张,它拉着月神的战车飞过夜空,已经筋疲力尽。

Nearby: The Nereid Monument, a large Lucian tomb found at Xanthos (in modern Turkey), in the adjacent Room 17 and is a wonderful melding of Greek and Middle Eastern figures, with nereids (mythical sea nymphs), a Persian king and a Greek army all depicted on its decorative panels.

附近:旁边的17号展厅内有涅内伊德碑像(The Nereid Monument),以及在桑瑟斯古城(Xanthos,位于现在的土耳其)发现的一个巨大的卢西安(Lucian)坟茔,这座展厅是希腊与中东文物的精彩融合,装饰板上描绘着涅内伊德(神话里的海中仙女)、波斯国王和希腊军队。

THE INVENTION OF PORCELAIN

瓷器的发明

Chinese Ceramics (Sir Percival David collection) | Room 95

中国陶瓷(珀西瓦尔·大维德爵士[Sir Percival David]收藏) | 95号展厅

This stunning collection of Chinese ceramics is outstanding for its beauty, rarity and historical value. Some pieces date back to the invention of porcelain around 2,000 years ago.

这个令人惊叹的中国瓷器系列以其美丽、稀有和历史价值而闻名。一些展品可追溯到2000年前瓷器刚刚发明出来的时代。

Why It’s Must See: The gallery has more than 1,700 examples of breathtaking beautiful ceramic objects, both practical and fanciful.

必看原因:展厅内有超过1700件陶瓷器物,既有实用器,也有供人赏玩之物,它们的美丽令人惊叹。

What to Look For: The David Vases, probably the most important blue-and-white porcelain pieces in existence, have inscriptions near their tops that date them to 1351. Sir Percival David reunited the vases in 1935, after buying them from two separate collections.

看点:大维德花瓶(The David Vases),可能是现存最重要的青花瓷器物,其顶部附近的铭文表明它们的年代可以追溯到1351年。1935年,珀西瓦尔·大维德爵士分别从两个收藏家手中买下它们,令这对花瓶重聚。

Nearby: Next to the ceramics gallery is Room 67, devoted to Korean culture and tradition from 300 B.C. to the present. It has an eclectic range of objects, including metalwork, drawings, painting, ceramics and calligraphy, and is well worth a look, even if just to see the re-creation of a saranbang, or traditional scholar’s study.

附近:瓷器展厅旁边是67号展厅,专门收藏公元前300年至今的朝韩文化与传统物品。藏品内容非常广泛,包括金属制品、书画,以及陶瓷,非常值得一看,即使只是看看重建的舍廊坊(saranbang,传统学者的书房),也是值得的。

A SPECTACULAR ARCHEOLOGICAL DISCOVERY

考古大发现

Sutton Hoo Ship Burial | Room 41

萨顿胡船葬(Sutton Hoo Ship Burial) | 41号展厅

The 1937 discovery of an Anglo-Saxon ship dating from around A.D. 600 was an astonishing find of royal treasures. The 88.5-foot long ship was an archaeologist’s dream, packed with treasures, including gold jewelry, Byzantine silverware, a magnificent casket and an iron helmet. It may have been the burial place for an Anglo-Saxon king.

这艘于1937年发现的盎格鲁-撒克逊船只年代可追溯到公元600年左右,在其中发现了惊人的王室珍宝。它长达88.5英尺,堪称考古学家的梦想,里面装满宝物,包括黄金首饰、拜占庭银器、一个宏伟的棺木和铁头盔。它可能是某个盎格鲁-撒克逊国王的墓地。

Why It’s Must See: The objects on display are exquisitely crafted and tell us much about Anglo-Saxon England and that the great treasures, epic travels and larger-than-life warriors of the poetry of that time were not far from reality.

必看原因:展出的器物工艺精美,并且能够告诉我们许多有关盎格鲁-撒克逊英格兰的事情,仿佛诗歌中那些宏大的宝藏、史诗般的旅行和传奇的勇士距离现实不是那么遥远。

What to Look For: Made of iron and covered with copper panels that show a range of scenes, the Sutton Hoo helmet is one of only four surviving helmets from the period. It has a distinctive shape and a menacing face-mask with copper eyebrows that are inlaid with silver wire and garnets, ending in a silver boar’s head.

看点:萨顿胡头盔由铁制成,外面覆以铜片,上面雕刻着一系列景象,是同时期仅存的四个头盔之一。它形状独特,有着充满威胁性的面具,铜制的眉毛上镶嵌着银线和石榴石,眉毛尾部是银色的野猪头。

Nearby: Even if you are not interested in clocks, Rooms 38 and 39 house wonderful timepieces that are likely to leave you marveling. Make sure to find the 1589 Carillon Clock that plays music written by Martin Luther, and the 1585 Mechanical Galleon, which has miniature soldiers striking bells and firing guns.

附近:就算你对钟表不感兴趣,38号展厅和39号展厅精美的钟表也可能会让你惊叹不已。一定要找到1589钟琴(1589 Carillon Clock),它曾经被用来演奏马丁·路德(Martin Luther)谱写的音乐,还要找到1585机械帆船钟(1585 Mechanical Galleon),上面有微型士兵敲钟和开枪。

THE SPORT OF KINGS

国王的运动

Assyrian Lion Hunts | Room 10

亚述猎狮(Assyrian Lion Hunts) | 10号展厅

The sculpted reliefs on alabaster panels that line this gallery illustrate the extravagant hunting rituals of the last great Assyrian King, Ashurbanipal, who lived between 668 and around 630 B.C. The panels depict a full story, from the release of the lions to the subsequent chase, the showering of arrows and the killings that marked the king’s prowess and power.

在这个展厅里,雪花大理石浮雕描绘了最后一个伟大的亚述王亚述巴尼拔(Ashurbanipal)的盛大狩猎仪式,他生活的年代大约在公元前668到630年。这些石板描绘了一个完整的故事,从放出狮子到后来的追逐,万箭齐发,乃至最后的杀戮,象征着国王的力量与权力。

Why It’s Must See: The hunt scenes show a world of pageantry, ritual and unsentimental cruelty far from most western sensibilities today.

必看原因:狩猎场景展示了一个充满盛宴与仪式,残酷无情的世界,与如今大多数西方人的情感倾向相去甚远。

What to Look For: The little boy who releases the lions from their cage at the start of the sequence is a small, but charming detail.

看点:一系列浮雕开始之时,那个把狮子从笼子里释放出来的小男孩是个迷人的小细节。

Nearby: In another part of this gallery, you will find remnants of the palace of Ashurbanipal from what is now northern Iraq. Look closely at the stone wall panel, which shows finely observed studies of plants and animals, including the lions that were kept in the royal gardens.

附近:在这个展厅的另一部分,可以找到亚述巴尼拔宫殿的遗迹,来自如今的伊拉克北部。仔细看看石墙的墙面,上面雕刻着栩栩如生的植物和动物,包括养在皇家花园的狮子。

Off the Beaten Path

不走寻常路

Lesser-known but not less-important pieces reside in these five galleries.

下面五个展厅里的藏品虽然不那么著名,但也非常重要。

Oxus Treasure | Room 52

奥克瑟斯宝藏(Oxus Treasur) | 52号展厅

This room features around 170 gold and silver objects, found when a group of merchants was rescued from bandits by a British officer near the Oxus River, in what was then the Persian Empire. The hoard contained vessels, sculptures, coins and votive plaques and they show the gold- and silversmithing skills of the Achaemenid period (550-331 B.C). Exquisite griffin-headed amulets, a goldfish with tiny scales and a horse and chariot sculpture are among these wonders.

这个展厅里陈列着大约170件金银制品。在当年隶属波斯帝国的奥克瑟斯河附近,一名英国军官从土匪手中救下一个商队时发现了它们。这批宝物中包括容器、雕塑、硬币和祈愿用的牌匾,它们显示了阿契美尼德(Achaemenid)时期(公元前550-331)的金银工艺。这些珍宝当中包括一枚精致的格里芬头像护身符、一条长着细小鳞片的金鱼,以及一匹马和战车的雕塑。

The Holy Thorn Reliquary | Room 2a

圣荆棘圣物箱 | 2a展厅

This jewel box of a room contains some 300 precious objects from medieval and Renaissance Europe, bequeathed to the British Museum by the collector Baron Ferdinand Rothschild in 1898. Among the rarities found here is the Holy Thorn Reliquary, dating from 1397 and made to house a thorn from the crown of thorns placed on Christ’s head at his crucifixion. Look for the 16th-century theatrical cabinet that looks like a mini stage set, and a breathtaking 17th-century jade cup, with two dragonlike figures forming handles.

这个展厅内展出的珍宝中包含来自中世纪和文艺复兴时期欧洲的约300件珍贵物品,由收藏家费迪南德·罗斯柴尔德男爵(Baron Ferdinand Rothschild)在1898年遗赠给大英博物馆。其中的珍品包括圣荆棘圣物箱,它的历史可以追溯到1397年,用来盛放基督在十字架上被钉死时头戴的荆冠上的一根荆棘。还可以去看看一个16世纪的戏剧陈列柜,看上去像个迷你舞台;以及一个惊人的17世纪玉杯,有两个龙形手柄。

Mexico | Room 27

墨西哥 | 27号展厅

Briefly admire the Huastec goddess sculptures near the entrance, then head straight for the cabinet at the back of the room, which contains a double-headed serpent made from a single piece of cedar and covered in tiny turquoise mosaics. Its fanglike teeth are made from conch shells, its gums and snout from red oyster shell. The workmanship is spectacular, as it is on the two turquoise face-masks in cabinets found on each side of the serpent.

在入口附近欣赏一下瓦斯蒂克(Huastec)女神雕塑,然后直接去看展厅后部的柜子,那里装着一条双头蛇,由一整块松木制成,上面覆盖着小块绿松石马赛克。它的牙齿是由海贝制成,其牙龈和口鼻是用红色牡蛎壳制成,做工极为精美,在蛇的两侧发现的两个柜子上的两个绿松石面具也是如此。

Hoa Hakananai’a | Room 24

失落的朋友(Hoa Hakananai'a) | 24号展厅

This monumental statue, from the incredibly remote Easter Island in the Pacific ocean, was taken by the crew of a British ship in 1868. It is hard to imagine how they moved the enormous statue, made of volcanic rock and weighing around four tons. With its cavernous eyes and curving mouth, there is something mesmerizing about the statue that repays a long and silent moment of contemplation.

这座纪念雕像于1868年被一艘英国船只的船员从太平洋上偏远得令人难以置信的复活节岛带回。很难想象他们如何移动这座巨大的雕像,它由火山岩制成,重约4吨。它有着深陷的眼睛和弯曲的嘴,非常令人着迷,值得安静地长时间凝视。

African Collection | Room 25

非洲藏品 | 25号展厅

Although this collection is eclectic, there are superb pieces here, notably the 16th-century Benin Plaques. These rectangular metal panels served as decoration for the king’s palace, and they offer depictions of court life and its rituals, but also of European adventurers, and of gods and their attendants. Every plaque has a story to tell, offering a fascinating glimpse into a complex society. Don’t leave this gallery without seeing the contemporary Tree of Life, a 2004 sculpture made from decommissioned weapons from Mozambique’s civil war.

虽然这个系列藏品兼收并蓄,但也有一流的物品,特别是16世纪的贝宁铜板(Benin Plaques)。这些矩形金属板块是国王宫殿的装饰,它们描述了宫廷生活及其仪式,以及欧洲探险家、神和神的侍从。每个板块都有一个故事要讲,非常迷人,令人得以瞥见到一个复杂的社会。来了这个展厅,就一定要看看当代作品“生命之树”(Tree of Life),它是一座2004年的雕塑,由莫桑比克内战中废弃的武器制成。

Unexpectedly Quiet Spots

意外的安静地点

If you need a break from the crowds, there are a few places that always seem peaceful.

如果你需要远离人群,休息一下,有几个地方看上去总是那么平静。

THE ENLIGHTENMENT GALLERIES | ROOMS 1 AND 2

启蒙运动馆 | 1号和2号展厅

These long galleries, outfitted with oak and mahogany floors, classical columns, balconies and glass-fronted bookcases, offer a sense of another era. They were added to the original museum in 1823 to hold King George III’s collection of over 60,000 books, and now house a cabinet of curiosities that represent the insatiable curiosity and investigative spirit of the Age of Reason, from a 350,000-year-old hand ax to 18th-century plant specimens. In many ways, the Enlightenment Galleries feel like another museum altogether, and they are mostly tranquil and hushed.

这几个长长的展馆装有橡木和红木地板、古典式立柱、阳台和玻璃门书架,感觉像是另一个时代。1823年,它们被添加到原始的博物馆当中,用来保存乔治三世(King George III)的6万多本藏书,现在则用来陈列那些象征理性时代无止境的好奇心与探索精神的珍品,从拥有35万年历史的手斧到18世纪的植物标本。在很多方面,启蒙运动馆感觉像是另一个博物馆,这里大部分时间都是宁静安详的。

THE STAIRCASES

楼梯

Instead of taking the elevators to the second or the third levels, take the wide staircases at each end of the museum and spend some time looking at the artwork that everyone else walks past. The North stairs feature an extraordinary white marble Amitabha Buddha from northern China that rises through the museum’s four stories. The West stairs boast stunning mosaic panels from the 4th and 5th centuries.

不要坐电梯到第二层或第三层去,要走博物馆每一端都有的宽楼梯,花一些时间看看那些其他人只是匆匆经过的艺术品。北部楼梯有一个来自中国北方的汉白玉阿弥陀佛像,非常惊人,高度直达博物馆的四层。西部的楼梯拥有来自公元4世纪和5世纪迷人的马赛克面板。

THE PRINT GALLERIES | ROOM 90

印刷馆 | 90号展厅

Tucked away on the fourth floor, the print galleries hold an astounding archive of more than two million prints, dating back to 1400. The display here is always changing, but you can ask to see any of the prints, in the adjacent study room. Consult the online archive ahead of time.

印刷馆隐藏在四楼,它拥有一个惊人的档案库,收藏着超过200万份的印刷品,时间可追溯到1400年。这里的展品总是在变动,但你可以要求在旁边的研究室内观看任何印刷品,不过要事先研究在线档案。

INTIMATE TREASURES

内部珍品

Carved Jade Terrapin From Allahabad | Room 34

阿拉哈巴德玉龟(Carved Jade Terrapin From Allahabad) | 34号展厅

This 90-pound terrapin is carved from a single piece of green jade and was found at the bottom of a water cistern during engineering excavations in 1803. The wonderfully lifelike piece is thought to be from the early 1600s. Note how the slightly off-center head creates the impression that the creature is moving forward.

这只90磅的水龟是用一块绿玉雕刻出来的,1803年一次工程挖掘期间,人们在一个水箱底部发现了它。这件栩栩如生的物品被认为来自17世纪初。注意稍微偏向一侧的头部是怎样给人带来它正在向前移动的感觉。

Chinese Ceramic Tomb Guardians | Room 33

中国守墓陶俑 | 33号展厅

Look at the detail and variety of these color-glazed burial figures from the Tang dynasty (A.D. 618-906). There are two guardian figures, called lokapala, a military official, a civil official and two fantastical beasts. Don’t overlook the bird of prey on the military official’s hat.

这些彩釉墓葬俑来自唐朝(公元618-906年),注意它们的细节和种类。有两个守卫者,称为“天王”,还有一位军事官员,一位民事官员和两头神兽。不要漏过军官帽子上的猛禽。

Painting and Calligraphy Gallery | Room 91a

绘画书法馆 | 91a号展厅

This changing display of painting and calligraphy from China includes the delicately wrought “Admonitions Scroll” (A.D. 344-406), an early example of the integration of the arts of poetry, painting and calligraphy. A digital interactive version is available when the scroll is not on display.

这个中国绘画和书法展厅的展品随时都有变化,其中包括精美的《女史箴图》(公元344-406年),这是诗歌、绘画和书法艺术融合的早期例子。当这幅图不出展时,可以观看它的数字交互版本。

Gems From Ur | Room 56

乌尔的珍宝 | 56号展厅

These items are from one of the earliest cities in the world, Ur in Mesopotamia, and date back to around 2500 B.C. The Standard of Ur is a box, with inlaid mosaic showing incredibly elaborate war scenes on one side and scenes of tribute and banqueting on the other. The Royal Game of Ur, also known as the Game of 20 Squares, is one of the oldest gaming boards in existence (and shows that board games were as popular then as they are now).

这些物品来自世界上最早的城市之一,美索不达米亚的乌尔,时间可追溯到大约公元前2500年。“乌尔军旗”( The Standard of Ur)是一个盒子,盒子一侧镶嵌的马赛克展示了极为精致的战争场面,另一侧则是进贡和宴会的场景。 乌尔王族局戏(The Royal Game of Ur),也被称为廿格戏(Game of 20 Squares),是已知最古老的棋类游戏之一(并且表明当时的棋类游戏像现在一样盛行)。

The World of Alexander | Room 22

亚历山大的世界 | 22号展厅

If you haven’t had time to see the Greek and Roman galleries, head here for a condensed look at artifacts from a time when the Greek world was at its height of power, influence and artistic patronage, under Alexander the Great (around 330 B.C.). Look for the beautiful marble statue of Demeter and the decorated column fragment from the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

如果你没有时间看希腊和罗马展厅,那就到这里来做个精华概览吧,这个时期希腊世界在在亚历山大大帝(Alexander the Great,约公元前330年)领导下,正值其权力、影响力与对艺术的赞助达到顶峰之时。寻找美丽的德米特(Demeter)大理石雕像,以及以弗所的阿尔忒弥斯神殿(Temple of Artemis)装饰柱的残片,这座神殿是古代世界的七大奇迹之一。

Going With Kids?

和孩子一起去?

Strategize your visit to the British Museum to make it a day they’ll never forget either.

安排好参观计划,给他们也留下一个难忘的回忆。

DON’T LEAVE THE KIDS AT HOME

别把孩子留在家里

The British Museum is particularly child-friendly. The family desk provides backpacks with suggested child-appropriate routes, notes on the objects they will see, and small coloring books. Digital guides ($7) provide games that are linked to different displays, best suited to those under 10. The museum’s website offers a calendar of family events and suggestions of child-friendly activities. If you want to pick a few things to see on your own, here are four suggestions.One note: Don’t try do too much with children – the museum is large and usually crowded, and there aren’t many places to sit down. One or two well-chosen spots will probably be enough for visitors under 10. Remember, you can come back – it’s free!

大英博物馆是格外照顾孩子的。家庭服务台提供的背包有关于适合孩子的参观路线建议,介绍了他们将看到的展品,还有小小的涂色书。数码导览(7美元)提供了跟具体展览相关的游戏,最适合10岁以下的孩子。博物馆网站提供了一个家庭活动日程表,建议了一些适合孩子的活动。如果你想选一些自己去看的东西,以下有四个建议。注意:不要安排太多和孩子一起做的事情——博物馆很大,人通常很多,也没什么坐的地方。对10岁以下的孩子来说,一两个精心挑选的点可能就够了。别忘了,你还可以再来的——不要钱!

MUMMIES | ROOMS 62-63

木乃伊 | 62-63号展厅

This may sound a little ghoulish, but children are bound to be fascinated by the richly decorated and carved sarcofagi that fill this room – and charmed by the sacred animals (cats, bulls and crocodiles among them) that were also mummified.

听起来可能有点恐怖,但是这个摆满了装饰华丽的雕刻石棺的展厅,孩子们肯定着迷的不得了——那些同样被制成木乃伊的神兽(猫、牛和鳄鱼等等)也会很吸引他们。

THE LEWIS CHESSMEN | ROOM 40

路易斯西洋棋 | 40号展厅

These elaborately carved chess pieces, thought to date back to 1150, are made from walrus ivory and whale teeth, and were found on the Scottish Isle of Lewis in 1831. Children will notice that each piece has a different, curious expression (some rather glum) – and that they are familiar from their larger-than-life cameo in “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone.”

这些采用海象牙和鲸齿精心雕刻而成的象棋子出自1150年,但直到1831年才在苏格兰的路易斯岛被发现。孩子们会注意到每一枚棋子都有一个不同的、有趣的表情(有几个相当不开心)——在《哈利·波特与魔法石》(Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone)中的大号炫酷客串演出让他们成了熟面孔。

NATIVE AMERICAN HEADDRESSES | ROOM 26

美洲原住民头饰 | 26号展厅

Here are wonderfully expressive, colorful masks and headdresses, some representing ancestors, others worn for dancers and actors, or exclusively by chieftains. Kids will have fun imagining who the characters could be, and picking their favorites.

这里有表情丰富而生动的面具和头饰,有些代表先祖,有些是舞者和演员穿戴的,或者是酋长专用。孩子们可以想象是什么人物在穿戴,从而获得乐趣。

Tips for Visiting

参观小贴士

GETTING IN

入场

The museum’s exhibition spaces open at 10 a.m., seven days a week. However, the museum’s Great Court, its extensive bookshop and ground-floor café all open at 9 a.m. Tip: go early, have a drink, browse the seriously tempting bookshop, and admire the lofty space and wonderful sculptures of the Great Court. Then be first to get into the exhibitions, which are relatively quiet for the first hour.

博物馆展览空间每天上午10点开放,全周无休。不过博物馆的大中庭(Great Court)、巨大的书店和一楼咖啡馆都是上午9点开放。贴士:早点去,喝点东西,认真逛逛那个诱人的书店,欣赏一下大中庭的雄伟空间和精美的雕塑。然后成为第一个进去看展的人,一开始比较安静。

Want to go later? Expect crowds. Consider visiting after 5 p.m. on a Friday, when the museum is open until 8.30 p.m. (It closes at 5:30 p.m. on other days.)

想晚点去?人会很多。可以考虑周五下午5点去,当天博物馆开放时间延迟至晚上8点半。(平常是5点半关门。)

Admission is free for the museum and its main collections, although you must pay to visit the featured exhibitions. (There are usually two of these at any one time.)

博物馆以及主要展览是免票的,不过一些特展需要花钱。(通常同一时间会有两场特展。)

Use the back entrance on Montague Street to avoid the long lines at the front. You will still go through a security point, but there are always far fewer people here.

从蒙塔古街(Montague Street)的后门进,可以躲开正门的长队。你还是需要过一道安检,不过后门人少很多。

PLAN YOUR DAY

做好规划

Finding your way around is not easy, even with the helpfully detailed official map, which you should grab immediately. Our map can help, too. But the British Museum is enormous; expect to get lost, but enjoy the amazing exhibits you stumble into.

尽管有详细而贴心的官方地图——这个要第一时间拿到手,但要找到目的地还是不容易的。我们的地图也会有帮助。大英博物馆非常大,做好迷路的思想准备,不过那些误打误撞的展览一样可以欣赏一番。

The audio guides ($8) are especially helpful, if you’d like to follow one of the tours it suggests.

音频导览(8美元)格外有用,如果你打算跟着它提供的其中一条线路走的话。

Want a proper afternoon tea? Avoid the busy café on the ground floor, and head up to the Great Court restaurant on the third floor. (The quickest way to do this is to walk up the stairs on either side of the huge circular dome — which usually houses temporary exhibitions — in the middle of the Great Court.) The restaurant is a delightful haven from the noise and bustle.

想要一次体面的下午茶?别去一楼那个热闹的咖啡馆,到三楼的大中庭餐厅去。(最快的方式是从大中庭中间的巨型圆顶屋两侧的楼梯走上去——圆顶屋里通常也是有临时展览的。)餐厅是一个躲避喧嚣的清净地。

There are restrooms all over the museum, but crowds tend to form around those behind the bookshop and giftshop in the Great Court. It’s worth seeking out less frequented spots, all marked on the map.

整个博物馆各处都有卫生间,但是人群通常会挤在在大中庭书店和礼品店后面的那几个。有必要去找找那些人没那么多的点,在地图上都有标示。

DON’T MISS THE BOOKSHOP

别错过书店

The British Museum bookshop is exceptional, with a particularly strong children’s section that might provide good gifts. If you fancy a smaller-scale version of the Great Court lion, or of a horse’s head from the Acropolis, visit the collections shop to the right of the main entrance, which sells more expensive items, including replicas of statues and other pieces.

大英博物馆的书店是非同寻常的,在童书方面尤其卓越,可以作为不错的礼物。如果你想要个缩微版的大中庭狮子,或是雅典卫城的马头,到正门右侧的收藏店去,那里出售一些比较贵的东西,包括雕像等藏品的复制品。

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