New Trump Deportation Rules Allow Far More Expulsions
WASHINGTON — President Donald Trump has directed his administration to more aggressively enforce the nation’s immigration laws, unleashing the full force of the federal government to find, arrest and deport those in the country illegally, regardless of whether they have committed serious crimes.
Documents released Tuesday by the Department of Homeland Security revealed the broad scope of the president’s ambitions: to publicize crimes by immigrants; enlist local police officers as enforcers; strip immigrants of privacy rights; erect new detention facilities; discourage asylum seekers; and, ultimately, speed up deportations.
美国国土安全部(Department of Homeland Security)周二公布的文件显示了这位总统的抱负之大：宣传移民犯下的罪行、将地方警察列为执法者、剥夺移民的隐私权、新建拘留设施、不鼓励寻求避难，最后还要加快将相关人员驱逐出境的速度。
The new enforcement policies put into practice the fearful speech that Trump offered on the campaign trail, vastly expanding the definition of “criminal aliens” and warning that such people in the country illegally “routinely victimize Americans,” disregard the “rule of law and pose a threat” to people in communities across the United States.
Despite Trump’s talk, research shows lower levels of crime among immigrants than among native-born Americans.
But taken together, the new policies are a rejection of the sometimes more restrained efforts by former Presidents Barack Obama and George W. Bush and their predecessors, who sought to balance protecting the nation’s borders with fiscal, logistical and humanitarian limits on the exercise of laws passed by Congress.
但总的来看，新政策抛弃了前总统贝拉克·奥巴马(Barack Obama)和乔治·W·布什(George W. Bush)以及他们的前任有时候更加克制的行动：他们试图在保护美国边境，与对国会通过的法律的执行上进行财政、组织和人道主义限制之间保持平衡。
“The faithful execution of our immigration laws is best achieved by using all these statutory authorities to the greatest extent practicable,” John F. Kelly, the secretary of homeland security, wrote in one of two memorandums released Tuesday. “Accordingly, department personnel shall make full use of these authorities.”
“将所有这些法定权力发挥到可行的最大程度，是忠实执行我国移民法律的最佳方式，”国土安全部长约翰·F·凯利(John F. Kelly)在周二公布的两份备忘录中的其中一份中写道。“因此，我部人员当充分利用这些权力。”
Advocates for immigrants warned Tuesday that the new border control and enforcement directives would create an atmosphere of fear that was likely to drive those in the country illegally deeper into the shadows.
Administration officials said some of the new policies — like one seeking to send unauthorized border crossers from Central America to Mexico while they await deportation hearings — could take months to implement and might be limited in scope.
For now, so-called Dreamers, who were brought to the United States as young children, will not be targeted unless they commit crimes.
Trump has not yet said where he will get the billions of dollars needed to pay for thousands of new border control agents, a network of detention facilities to detain people in the country illegally and a wall along the entire southern border with Mexico.