Unsubstantiated Report Has Compromising Information on Trump, Intelligence Chiefs Say
WASHINGTON — The chiefs of America’s intelligence agencies last week presented President Obama and President-elect Donald J. Trump with a summary of unsubstantiated reports that Russia had collected compromising and salacious personal information about Mr. Trump, two officials with knowledge of the briefing said.
华盛顿——两名知情官员称，美国情报机构领导人上周向美国总统奥巴马和候任总统唐纳德·J·特朗普(Donald J. Trump)提交了一份摘要，它概述了一些未经证实的报告，称俄罗斯已经收集了特朗普的一些有失体面、淫秽的个人信息。
The summary is based on memos generated by political operatives seeking to derail Mr. Trump’s candidacy. Details of the reports began circulating in the fall and were widely known among journalists and politicians in Washington.
The summary was presented as an annex to the intelligence agencies’ report on the Russian hacking of the election, the officials said. The material was not corroborated, and The New York Times has not been able to confirm the claims. But intelligence agencies considered it so potentially explosive that they decided Mr. Obama, Mr. Trump and congressional leaders needed to be told about it and that the agencies were actively investigating it.
Intelligence officials were concerned that the information would leak before they informed Mr. Trump of its existence, said the officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the summary is classified and talking about it would be a felony.
The decision of top intelligence officials to give the president, the president-elect and the so-called Gang of Eight — Republican and Democratic leaders of Congress and the intelligence committees —what they know to be unverified, defamatory material was extremely unusual.
The appendix summarized opposition research memos prepared mainly by a retired British intelligence operative for a Washington political and corporate research firm. The firm was paid for its work first by Mr. Trump’s Republican rivals and later by supporters of his Democratic opponent, Hillary Clinton. The Times has checked on a number of the details included in the memos but has been unable to substantiate them.
The memos suggest that for many years, the government of President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia has looked for ways to influence Mr. Trump, who has traveled repeatedly to Moscow to investigate real estate deals or to oversee the Miss Universe competition, which he owned for several years. Mr. Trump never completed any major deals in Russia, though he discussed them for years.
备忘录内容显示，在过去多年里，俄罗斯总统弗拉基米尔·V·普京(Vladimir V. Putin)的政府一直在寻找办法对特朗普施加影响，后者曾多次前往莫斯科进行房地产交易调研，或监督他收购了几年的环球小姐比赛(Miss Universe)。特朗普从来不曾在俄罗斯完成过任何重大交易，尽管他多年来一直没少谈论这些。
The former British intelligence officer who gathered the material about Mr. Trump is considered a competent and reliable operative with extensive experience in Russia, American officials said. But he passed on what he heard from Russian informants and others, and what they told him has not yet been vetted by American intelligence.
The memos describe sex videos involving prostitutes with Mr. Trump in a 2013 visit to a Moscow hotel. The videos were supposedly prepared as “kompromat,” or compromising material, with the possible goal of blackmailing Mr. Trump in the future.
The memos also suggest that Russian officials proposed various lucrative deals, essentially as disguised bribes in order to win influence over the real estate magnate.
The memos describe several purported meetings during the 2016 presidential campaign between Trump representatives and Russian officials to discuss matters of mutual interest, including the Russian hacking of the Democratic National Committee and Mrs. Clinton’s campaign chairman, John D. Podesta.
备忘录还描述了特朗普的代表与俄罗斯官员在2016年美国大选期间进行了几次传言中的会面，目的是谈论与双方共同利益相关的事宜，包括俄罗斯黑客入侵民主党全国委员会(Democratic National Committee)和克林顿竞选团队主席约翰·D·波德斯塔(John D. Podesta)的电脑等事。
The first hint of the F.B.I. investigation came on Tuesday in a Senate hearing in a series of questions from Senator Ron Wyden, Democrat of Oregon, to the F.B.I. director, James B. Comey.
有关联邦调查局开展这项调查的第一个迹象出现在周二的一场参议院听证会上，当时俄勒冈州民主党参议员罗恩·怀登(Ron Wyden)对联邦调查局局长詹姆斯·B·科米(James B. Comey)进行了一系列质询。
Mr. Wyden, trying to draw Mr. Comey out on information he may have heard during a classified briefing, asked whether the F.B.I. had investigated the Trump campaign’s contacts with Russia. Mr. Comey demurred, saying he could not discuss any investigations that may or may not be underway. Mr. Wyden kept pressing, asking Mr. Comey to provide a written answer to the question before Mr. Trump’s inaugural on Jan. 20 because he feared there would be no declassification of the information once Mr. Trump took office.
After the hearing, Mr. Wyden posted on Twitter: “Director Comey refused to answer my question about whether the FBI has investigated Trump campaign contacts with Russia.”
In fact, the material in the opposition research dossier had been given to the F.B.I. before the election. But the F.B.I. itself apparently struggled to confirm it, according to federal officials familiar with the investigation.
Allies of Senator Harry Reid, the Senate Democratic leader from Nevada who retired at the end of the year, said the disclosures validated his call last summer for an investigation by the F.B.I. into Mr. Trump’s ties to Russia.
“The evidence of a direct connection between the Russian government and Donald Trump’s presidential campaign continues to mount,” Mr. Reid wrote in a letter to Mr. Comey on Aug. 27.
Democrats on Tuesday night pressed for a thorough investigation of the claims in the memos. Representative Eric Swalwell of California, a member of the House Intelligence Committee, called for law enforcement to find out whether the Russian government had had any contact with Mr. Trump or his campaign.
周二晚上，民主党人吁求彻查备忘录中的内容。作为众议院情报委员会(House Intelligence Committee)成员的加州众议员埃里克·斯瓦尔韦尔(Eric Swalwell)呼吁执法部门调查俄罗斯政府与特朗普或其竞选团队是否有任何接触。
“The president-elect has spoken a number of times, including after being presented with this evidence, in flattering ways about Russia and its dictator,” Mr. Swalwell said. “Considering the evidence of Russia hacking our democracy to his benefit, the president-elect would do a service to his presidency and our country by releasing his personal and business income taxes, as well as information on any global financial holdings.”