Trump Inauguration Security Planners Brace for Wave of Protesters
WASHINGTON — Security surrounding the inauguration of Donald J. Trump is proving to be the most challenging in recent history, according to senior officials involved in its planning, largely because of the same forces of political rancor that shaped the race for the presidency.
华盛顿——据参与筹划的高级官员们称，目前看来唐纳德·J·特朗普(Donald J. Trump)就职典礼的安保任务将是近年来最具挑战性的，这主要是因为在总统竞选期间结下的政治宿怨。
On top of the daunting threats to any inaugural ceremony, the three dozen agencies responsible for security at the Jan. 20 festivities are preparing for the possibility of large numbers of protesters flooding the capital, along with what may be nearly a million supporters of Mr. Trump.
The agencies are worried about the possibility of confrontations between groups of Americans still deeply divided over the election — and at a moment when millions of people around the world will be turning their attention to Washington. At the very least, officials said, protests would put additional pressure on the region’s already-stretched security apparatus.
“To paraphrase Tolstoy: Each inauguration is risky, but each is risky in its own way,” said Michael Chertoff, who was secretary of homeland security under President George W. Bush and oversaw the department for President Obama’s first inauguration, in 2009.
“借用托尔斯泰的话说：每一次就职典礼都有风险，但每一次的风险各不相同，”曾担任乔治·W·布什总统(George W. Bush)的国土安全部部长的迈克尔·切尔托夫(Michael Chertoff)说。2009年奥巴马总统首次就职典礼期间，他也是该部门的负责人。
“I can’t think of an inauguration that presented more security challenges than this one,” Mr. Chertoff said.
There were, of course, heightened concerns for the second inauguration of Mr. Bush, in 2005, the first presidential swearing-in to follow the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. And in 2009, Mr. Obama’s inauguration was the first transfer of power in the post-9/11 era — and the first in which an African-American was taking the oath of office. Mr. Obama faced a rash of racist threats, as well as concerns about a terrorist plot that ultimately proved unfounded but sent the president-elect and top aides scrambling on the eve of his swearing-in.
Even so, Mr. Obama did not face the kind of large protests expected to greet Mr. Trump when he officially arrives in Washington. The 2009 crowd of nearly two million people, a record, included few, if any, protesters and did not lead to a single arrest, according to Christopher T. Geldart, the director of homeland security for the District of Columbia.
即便如此，奥巴马当时没有面临预计特朗普正式抵达华盛顿时会看到的那种大型抗议活动。据哥伦比亚特区国土安全局局长克里斯托弗·T·吉尔达特(Christopher T. Geldart)说，2009年创下纪录的200万人中几乎没有抗议者，没有人被逮捕。
The National Park Service, which controls much of the public land in Washington, from sidewalks to the National Mall, has already seen permit requests from groups hoping to host events both for and against Mr. Trump skyrocket to 23. In typical inauguration years, the agency receives just a handful of requests.
美国国家公园管理局(National Park Service)掌管华盛顿的大部分公共用地，从人行道到国家广场(National Mall)。它收到的希望举办支持或反对特朗普活动的团体许可申请已暴涨至23个。在通常的就职典礼年，该机构只会收到几个申请。
Safeguarding the nation’s peaceful transfer of power is no easy task even under the most predictable of circumstances. There are few higher-profile rituals in American public life than the swearing-in of a new president.
From the Metropolitan Police of Washington to the National Park Service to the F.B.I., a vast overlapping patchwork of intelligence analysts, military personnel and law enforcement officers numbering in the tens of thousands will be working to protect the inauguration and related activities.
In total, more than three dozen agencies spread out across the capital will be working to prevent the occasion from becoming a platform for individuals or groups looking to do harm. Their work, begun months ago, has taken on a new urgency since Election Day and will soon include the imposition of a security perimeter around the Capitol, the Mall and large parts of the city.
The costs of security alone are expected to exceed $100 million.
Protecting the new president, the thousands of dignitaries who will be on hand and the crowds is the top priority of federal intelligence, law enforcement and military agencies, as it has been at inaugurations since the Sept. 11 attacks. Threats, from abroad and from homegrown extremists alike, remain a chief concern, current and former officials said.
“What the intelligence community says publicly is what they say privately, and that is more threats from more directions than ever before,” said Senator Roy Blunt, Republican of Missouri, who is chairman of the congressional committee planning the inaugural ceremony. “And that just means the Capitol Police and the security elements need to be more thoughtful and alert than ever to what could happen.”
Mike Litterst, a spokesman for the National Park Service, said the agency was “actively reviewing” permit requests, with a goal of trying to accommodate as many events as possible. Groups that are granted permits will be spaced out to try to prevent mixing, Mr. Geldart said. The largest of those events, the so-called Women’s March on Washington, was granted a permit for about 200,000 people to rally and then march in protest against Mr. Trump on Jan. 21, the day after the inauguration.
国家公园管理局发言人迈克·利特斯特(Mike Litterst)说，该机构正在“积极审查”许可申请，目的是尽可能多地安排活动场地。吉尔达特说，获得许可的团体将被隔开，以避免混到一起。这些活动中最大的一场是所谓的“华盛顿女性大游行”(Women’s March on Washington)，它已获得许可，将有约20万人在1月21日特朗普就职后的第二天进行集会游行，对他表示抗议。
Boris Epshteyn, the communications director for Mr. Trump’s inaugural planning committee, said the group welcomed the “free exercise” of First Amendment rights “as long as it is done peacefully and within all applicable laws, rules and regulations.”
Just how many of Mr. Trump’s supporters will attend remains unclear. The planning committee said it was expecting two million to three million people. Such a crowd would be a record, though Mr. Geldart said his team had yet to see evidence that would cause it to revise its own estimates of 800,000 to 900,000 people.
The security effort will require virtually the full strength of the region’s law enforcement agencies, as well as significant reinforcements. More than 3,200 police officers from departments across the country and about 8,000 members of the National Guard will be on hand to help with basic crowd and traffic control around the city. An additional 5,000 active duty service members will be on hand to serve in ceremonial capacities.