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更新时间:2016-6-7 19:12:54 来源:纽约时报中文网 作者:佚名

If Mark Zuckerberg Can Be a Hacking Victim, So Can You

There are several lessons to be learned from a data breach in which hackers gained access to Mark Zuckerberg’s social media accounts, but chief among them is probably this: Quit using the same password for multiple websites.

你可以从马克·扎克伯格(Mark Zuckerberg)社交媒体密码被盗、数据泄露的事件中汲取好几条教训,但最重要的一条是:不要在多个网站上使用相同的密码。

It may be annoying and time-consuming, but following this simple rule can help you avoid the public pwning, or account takeover, that befell Mr. Zuckerberg, the billionaire owner of Facebook and Instagram.


A collective that calls itself OurMine boasted that it had broken into a handful of his social media accounts, including LinkedIn, Twitter and Pinterest. Screengrabs posted by Engadget showed the hackers notifying Mr. Zuckerberg of the breach using his own Twitter account. Bold move.


“We are just testing your security,” the tweet read.


In a statement released on Monday, LinkedIn said that it had found and removed a fake profile that had been created of Mr. Zuckerberg.


“We were alerted of this takeover attempt and have taken action to remove the false profile on LinkedIn,” the statement read.


The company declined to address whether the hack was the result of a larger data breach in 2012 that compromised over 100 million accounts. LinkedIn has taken steps to invalidate passwords from older accounts, but the breach against Mr. Zuckerberg shows that some accounts, especially those that are old or dormant, remain at risk.

该公司拒绝讨论这次入侵是否是2012年那次更大的数据被盗案的后果,当时有逾一亿个账户的资料遭到泄露。 领英已采取措施,将旧账户的密码作废,但扎克伯格帐号被盗事件显示,一些账户依然面临着风险,尤其是那些老账户,或处于休眠状态的账户。

In a statement emailed by a spokesman on Monday, Facebook said that Mr. Zuckerberg’s Facebook and Instagram accounts had not been breached.


“No Facebook systems or accounts were accessed. The affected accounts have been re-secured using best practices,” the statement read.


(Facebook’s security systems are now designed to thwart suspicious logins, but Mr. Zuckerberg’s account has not always been immune to breaches: In 2013, a blogger hacked the executive’s page to exploit what he said was a security flaw on the social network.)


You should check to see if your email account has been compromised. The website Have I Been Pwned? provides a useful service: Plug in your email address, and the website will reveal if your data has been leaked or manipulated by hackers.


If your account has been compromised, change your password. And we’ll say it again: Using the same password for multiple accounts is a cardinal sin in the security world, so make sure you mix it up, even with accounts you rarely use.


Graham Cluley, an online security expert and consultant, said that using the same passwords was a likely reason for the Zuckerberg hack. (According to the website The Hacker News, OurMine tweeted that Mr. Zuckerberg’s password was “dadada,” and was used across multiple accounts. OurMine’s Twitter account has since been suspended.)

在线安全专家、顾问格雷厄姆·克卢利(Graham Cluley)表示,用相同的密码可能是扎克伯格账号被入侵的原因。(据“黑客新闻”[The Hacker News]网站称,OurMine发推文称,扎克伯格的密码是“dadada”,且多个账户都用的是这个密码。OurMine的Twitter账号已被封。)

“It shows it can happen to anyone — even geeks,” Mr. Cluley said. “The problem is that even if you have adopted sensible password practices now, your past mistakes may come back to haunt you.”


Mr. Cluley suggested obtaining a password manager, like LastPass, to keep track of your login information. He also said that wherever possible, you should enroll in two-step verification, which sends an authorization code to the user’s phone before the account can be opened. Most social platforms vulnerable to hacking, including LinkedIn, Twitter and Gmail offer it.


Troy Hunt, an online security expert and the creator of Have I Been Pwned?, reiterated that a password manager was the most reliable way to stay safe.

在线安全专家、“我被入侵了吗”网站创始人特洛伊·亨特(Troy Hunt)重申,密码管理器是最可靠的保持安全的方式。

“Without this, we risk exposing sensitive data in a way that it can put other accounts at risk, particularly via a data breach of one site, which is becoming an alarmingly common occurrence,” he said.


In a statement to its users on Monday, LinkedIn echoed the suggested tactics: “All members should take care to manage and change passwords across other sites, avoid reuse, leverage advanced security features, and update often.”