F.B.I. Error Locked San Bernardino Attacker’s iPhone
WASHINGTON — The head of the F.B.I. acknowledged on Tuesday that his agency lost a chance to capture data from the iPhone used by one of the San Bernardino attackers when it ordered that his password to the online storage service iCloud be reset shortly after the rampage.
“There was a mistake made in the 24 hours after the attack,” James B. Comey Jr., the director of the F.B.I., told lawmakers at a hearing on the government’s attempt to force Apple to help “unlock” the iPhone.
“在袭击事件发生24小时之内，犯了一个错误，”在政府企图迫使苹果公司帮助“解锁”这部iPhone的一场听证会上，FBI局长小詹姆斯·B·科米(James B. Comey Jr.)对议员说。
F.B.I. personnel apparently believed that by resetting the iCloud password, they could get access to information stored on the iPhone. Instead, the change had the opposite effect — locking them out and eliminating other means of getting in.
The iPhone used by Syed Rizwan Farook, one of the assailants in the Dec. 2 attack in which 14 people were killed, is at the center of a fierce legal and political fight over the balance between national security and consumer privacy. Many lawmakers at Tuesday’s hearing of the House Judiciary Committee seemed torn over where to draw the line.
这部iPhone的使用者是赛义德·里兹万·法鲁克(Syed Rizwan Farook)，他是去年12月2日一场枪击案中的袭击者之一。那场枪击案导致了14人丧生。国家安全和消费者隐私权在法律和政治层面的一场激烈斗争，正在围绕着这部iPhone展开。在众议院司法委员会(Judiciary Committee)周二举行的听证会上，很多议员对于界限应该在哪里感到心情矛盾。
“The big question for our country is how much privacy are we going to give up in the name of security,” Representative Jason Chaffetz, a Utah Republican, told Mr. Comey. “And there’s no easy answer to that.”
While some lawmakers voiced support for Apple’s privacy concerns, others attacked the company’s position, saying it threatened to deprive the authorities of evidence in critical cases involving newer iPhones.
“We’re going to create evidence-free zones?” asked Representative Trey Gowdy, a South Carolina Republican who once served as a federal prosecutor. “Am I missing something?”
“How the hell you can’t access a phone, I just find baffling,” he said.
Bruce Sewell, Apple’s general counsel, told committee members that the F.B.I.’s demand for technical help to unlock Mr. Farook’s iPhone 5c “would set a dangerous precedent for government intrusion on the privacy and safety of its citizens.” Apple has said that in many cases investigators have other means to gain access to crucial information, and in some instances it has turned over data stored in iCloud.
苹果公司总法律顾问布鲁斯·希维尔(Bruce Sewell)对委员会的成员表示，FBI让苹果提供技术支持，解锁法鲁克的iPhone 5c的要求“会为政府侵犯公民隐私和安全树立一个危险的先例”。苹果表示，很多情况下调查人员有其他取得关键信息的方法，并且在一些情况下，苹果移交了存储在iCloud上的信息。
Mr. Sewell reacted angrily to the Justice Department’s suggestion that Apple’s branding and marketing strategy was driving its resistance to helping the F.B.I., an assertion that he said made his “blood boil.”
“We don’t put up billboards that market our security,” he said. “We do this because we think protecting security and privacy of hundreds of millions of iPhones is the right thing to do.”